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We consider mode coupling in multimode optical fibers using either two Bragg gratings or a Bragg grating and a long-period grating. We show that the magnitude of the band edge curvature can be controlled leading to a flat, quartic band-edge or to two band edges at distinct, nonequivalent k-values, allowing precise control of slow light propagation.
We demonstrate a genetic algorithm that employs a versatile fitness function to optimize route selection for the Hyperloop, a proposed high speed passenger transportation system. The Hyperloop is a proposed rapid transportation system ideally suited to linking two metropolitan areas separated by between 200km and 1500km, such as Los Angeles and San… (More)
We develop a way to enhance the amplitudes of the nonpropagating evanescent orders of resonant dielectric gratings. We use this blazing to design gratings with spectra tailored to generate steerable sub-Rayleigh field concentrations on a surface. We investigate the enhancement and customization of evanescent fields necessary to create a virtual and passive… (More)