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BACKGROUND Primary traumatic injury was considered previously a contraindication for institution of extracorporeal life support because of high risk for persistent or new bleeding. Published experience in adults suggests that extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can successfully support trauma victims with pulmonary failure. The authors reviewed their(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe findings of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in association with femoral central venous catheter (CVC) placement for intensive fluid management in children with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) secondary to type 1 diabetes. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING Pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a children's referral medical(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of intravenous (IV) ketorolac tromethamine in the treatment of children with sickle cell disease with moderate to severe acute vaso-occlusive pain (VOP) and to develop a predictive model that would determine who would need additional IV analgesics. DESIGN A prospective case series. SETTING The emergency(More)
Chronic pain in children and adolescents is frequently misdiagnosed by caregivers. It is not treated until it results in the loss of routine ability and function. Chronic pain is often associated with underlying diseases commonly seen in childhood, including sickle cell disease, malignancy, rheumatologic disorders, inflammatory bowel disease, trauma, and(More)
Critically ill pediatric patients are frequently exposed to acute, established, and chronic pain as a result of their disease processes or intensive care therapies. Despite the availability of many drugs and techniques for providing analgesia, these painful conditions are not adequately treated in a large proportion of children. This article reviews some of(More)
We report the clinical course of a 15-month-old boy who had fever, decreased activity, and weakness, with severe respiratory distress during transport to the hospital. Laboratory evaluation confirmed the diagnosis of meningitis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae. He was intubated on arrival and required 4 days of ventilatory support. Soon after extubation, he(More)