Casey C. Fowler

Learn More
Many bacteria contain an ortholog of the Ro autoantigen, a ring-shaped protein that binds noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) called Y RNAs. In the only studied bacterium, Deinococcus radiodurans, the Ro ortholog Rsr functions in heat-stress-induced ribosomal RNA (rRNA) maturation and starvation-induced rRNA decay. However, the mechanism by which this conserved protein(More)
UV light induces the expression of a wide variety of genes. At present, it is unclear how cells sense the extent of DNA damage and alter the expression of UV-induced genes appropriately. UV light induces DNA damage that blocks transcription, and the probability that a gene sustains transcription-blocking DNA damage is proportional to locus size and dose of(More)
Small molecules play crucial roles in every major cellular process. Despite this, detecting their levels within cells remains a significant challenge. Here, we describe intracellular sensors of coenzyme B(12) that make use of the exquisite molecular detection capabilities of a naturally occurring riboswitch. These probes sensitively detect their target(More)
Typhoid toxin is a unique A2B5 exotoxin and an important virulence factor for Salmonella Typhi, the cause of typhoid fever. In the decade since its initial discovery, great strides have been made in deciphering the unusual biological program of this toxin, which is fundamentally different from related toxins in many ways. Purified typhoid toxin administered(More)
The study of biological transporters can be hampered by a dearth of methodology for tracking their activity within cells. Here, we present a means of monitoring the function of transport machinery within bacteria, exploiting a genetically encoded riboswitch-based sensor to detect the accumulation of the substrate in the cytoplasm. This method was used to(More)
Riboswitches have a number of characteristics that make them ideal regulatory elements for a wide range of synthetic biology applications. To maximize their utility, methods are required to create custom riboswitches de novo or to modify existing riboswitches to suit specific experimental needs. This chapter describes such a method, which exploits(More)
A riboswitch is an RNA element that detects the level of a specific metabolite within the cell and regulates the expression of co-transcribed genes. By fusing a riboswitch to a reporter protein in a carefully designed and tested construct, this ability can be exploited to create an intracellular sensor that detects the level of a particular small molecule(More)
  • 1