Caryn G Morse

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BACKGROUND Osteonecrosis is increasingly recognized as a debilitating complication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, but the natural history has not been well described. We previously documented a high prevalence (4.4%) of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-documented osteonecrosis of the hip in a cohort of 339 asymptomatic HIV-infected(More)
Over the past 10 years, in conjunction with the broad availability of potent antiretroviral regimens, the care of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients has shifted from prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections and malignancies to management of the metabolic and related complications associated with HIV infection and its treatment.(More)
BACKGROUND Persistent aminotransferase elevations are common in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART), including those without hepatitis B or C coinfection, but their clinical significance is unknown. METHODS HIV-infected adults with aminotransferase levels elevated above the upper limit of normal for ≥6(More)
BACKGROUND Although human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and antiretroviral therapy (ART) affect mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content and function, comprehensive evaluations of their effects on mitochondria in muscle, adipose tissue, and blood cells are limited. METHODS Mitochondrial DNA quantification, mitochondrial genome sequencing, and gene(More)
Liver disease in HIV-infected patients is complex and multifactorial. Drug toxicity and infections are common causes of elevations in liver-associated enzymes. Immune reconstitution and unmasking of autoimmune disease may also play a role, particularly in the era of effective combination antiretroviral therapy. In this case report, we describe the first(More)
OBJECTIVE Hydrogen-1 MR spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) is gaining acceptance as a noninvasive technique for assessment of hepatic steatosis, and the findings have been found to correlate closely with histopathologic grade. The aims of this study were to validate (1)H-MRS performed with a 3-T MRI system for quantifying hepatic steatosis and to determine threshold(More)
Combination antiretroviral therapy has revolutionized the care of HIV-1–infected individuals, producing profound improvements in morbidity and mortality. Therapy does not, however, cure HIV infection , and the goal of combination therapy remains the suppression of HIV-1 replication below the limit of detection. Despite a growing array of antiretroviral(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic liver injury can result in fibrosis that may progress over years to end-stage liver disease. The most effective anti-fibrotic therapy is treatment of the underlying disease, however when not possible, interventions to reverse or slow fibrosis progression are needed. AIM The aim of this study was to study the safety and tolerability of(More)
OBJECTIVE Vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE) is increasingly used to assess liver fibrosis in viral hepatitis and fatty liver disease populations. Because the accuracy of VCTE in HIV-monoinfected populations has not been established, we evaluated its performance in assessing liver fibrosis in a cohort of HIV-monoinfected adults undergoing(More)
PURPOSE An external driver-free MRI method for assessment of liver fibrosis offers a promising noninvasive tool for diagnosis and monitoring of liver disease. Lately, the heart's intrinsic motion and MR tagging have been utilized for the quantification of liver strain. However, MR tagging requires multiple breath-hold acquisitions and substantial(More)