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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis, and is often diagnosed in late childhood and early adulthood. What determines the age of onset remains unexplained. Early onset may represent the "pure" form of the disease process and hence may hold secrets of the initiating events of IBD pathogenesis. Clinical scientists(More)
OBJECTIVE Leptin was discovered in 1994 as a hormone produced by adipose tissue with a modulatory effect on feeding behavior and weight control. Recently, the stomach has been identified as an important source of leptin and growing evidence has shown diverse functions for leptin in the gastrointestinal tract. METHODS Using leptin as a keyword in PubMed,(More)
During a 36-month period, seven cases of Horner's syndrome were encountered in a general pediatric hospital. The most common site of involvement was the ipsilateral sympathetic chain, although multiple sites were involved. Several causes of Horner's syndrome in childhood that have received little previous attention are reported-internal carotid artery(More)
BACKGROUND Children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) undergo imaging using ionizing radiation and may be exposed to high cumulative radiation. We hypothesized that children with IBD have high exposure to radiation from medical imaging. METHODS An Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved retrospective chart review from 2002-2008 was performed on all(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Children with Crohn disease (CD) often undergo cross-sectional imaging during clinical evaluation. Magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) is becoming the preferred radiologic assessment due to the lack of radiation exposure; however, there are few data in children with CD comparing MRE with objective disease measures. The aim of the(More)
BACKGROUND Crohn's disease (CD) is highly heritable. NOD2 has emerged as the main susceptibility gene among individuals of European ancestry; however, NOD2 does not appear to contribute to CD susceptibility among many non-European populations. Today's African American (AA) population represents an admixture of West African (80%) and European (20%) ancestry.(More)
Gut microbiome dysbiosis has been demonstrated in subjects with newly diagnosed and chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In this study we sought to explore longitudinal changes in dysbiosis and ascertain associations between dysbiosis and markers of disease activity and treatment outcome. We performed a prospective cohort study of 19 treatment-naïve(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D deficiency and low bone mineral density (BMD) are complications of inflammatory bowel disease. Vitamin D deficiency is more prevalent among African Americans compared with whites. There are little data comparing differences in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations and BMD between African American and white children with Crohn(More)
BACKGROUND Mucosal healing predicts clinical remission and improved outcomes in patients with Crohn disease (CD). Magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) is a noninvasive imaging modality that can assess small and large bowel wall inflammation. Evidence suggests that MRE may be an acceptable alternative to evaluate mucosal healing over endoscopy. Our(More)