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OBJECTIVE Cardiogenic shock is the leading cause of death in patients hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction. The objectives were to investigate the effects of levosimendan, a novel inodilator, compared with the phosphodiesterase-III inhibitor enoximone in refractory cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction, on top of current(More)
BACKGROUND The management strategy in patients presenting with pulmonary embolism at intermediate risk still remains controversial. Our aim was to determine the role of heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) in this patient population. METHODS One hundred one consecutive patients with confirmed pulmonary embolism and echocardiographic signs of(More)
Targeted ablation of caveolin-1 (cav-1) results in a severe cardiomyopathy. How the loss of cav-1 mediates these abnormalities is currently under investigation. Mounting evidence indicates that cav-1 acts as a negative regulator of endothelial nitric oxide synthase resulting in a constitutive hyperactivation of the nitric oxide (NO)-pathway in cav-1(More)
Recently generated caveolin-1 deficient mice (cav-1(-/-)) display several physiological alterations such as severe heart failure and lung fibrosis. The molecular mechanisms how the loss of caveolin-1 (cav-1) mediates these alterations are currently under debate. A plethora of studies support a role of cav-1 as a negative regulator of endothelial nitric(More)
BACKGROUND Arthrocentesis is an essential emergency step in managing patients with acute arthritis. To identify a bacterial infection, Gram staining is performed promptly. However, crystal analysis may not be immediately performed in many facilities. Being considered not to be stable over time, synovial fluid (SF) is sometimes discarded instead of being(More)
In our modern society hyperuricemia is one of the most frequent metabolism disturbances. So far, every fourth man and every tenth woman suffer from an asymptomatic or a symptomatic hyperuricemia named gout. Mostly, over nutrition and malnutrition as well as other secondary factors with a genetically determined renal secretion disturbance of uric acid lead(More)
The prevalence of gout is increasing with increased life expectancy. Approximately half of the patients with gout have some degree of renal impairment. If both conditions persistently coexist, and in severe tophaceous gout, in particular, treatment has been difficult. We here report on the case of an 87-year-old woman, who had been suffering from recurrent(More)
The identification of various signaling molecules found within caveolae and their functional interaction with the integral membrane protein caveolin, a major structural component of caveolae, suggests that these membrane microdomains participate in transmembrane signaling. Several lines of evidence indicate that caveolin may act as a scaffolding protein by(More)
Although caveolin-1 is not expressed in cardiomyocytes, this protein is assumed to act as a key regulator in the development of cardiomyopathy. In view of recent discordant findings we aimed to elucidate the cardiac phenotype of independently generated caveolin-1 knockout mice (cav-1(-/-)) and to unveil causative mechanisms. Invasive hemodynamic(More)
Myocardial infarct size can be limited by pharmacological postconditioning (pPC) with cardioprotective agents. Cardioprotective effects of neuregulin-1β (NRG) via activation of protein kinase B (Akt) and downstream pathways like endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) have been postulated based on results from cell culture experiments. The purpose of this(More)