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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The cytochrome P450 2B6 (CYP2B6) enzyme metabolises a number of clinically important drugs. Drug-drug interactions resulting from inhibition or induction of CYP2B6 activity may cause serious adverse effects. The aims of this study were to construct a three-dimensional structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) model of the CYP2B6(More)
The compulsive nature of tobacco use is attributable to nicotine addiction. Nicotine is eliminated by metabolism through the cytochrome P450 2A6 (CYP2A6) enzyme in liver. Inhibition of CYP2A6 by chemical compounds may represent a potential supplement to anti-smoking therapy. The purpose of this study was to rationally design potent inhibitors of CYP2A6.(More)
The human CYP2A6 enzyme metabolises several xenobiotics including nicotine, the addictive component in tobacco. Reduced activity of CYP2A6, either for genetic reasons or by administering inhibitors of CYP2A6, reduces tobacco smoking. The aim was to design novel inhibitors of CYP2A6 using 3D-QSAR analysis combined with virtual screening. A 3D-QSAR model was(More)
A new inhibitor for human sirtuin type proteins 1 and 2 (SIRT1 and SIRT2) was discovered through virtual database screening in search of new scaffolds. A series of compounds was synthesized based on the hit compound (3-[[3-(4-tert-butylphenyl)1,2,4-oxadiazole-5-carbonyl]amino]-1-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]thiourea). The most potent compound in the series(More)
Sirtuins are NAD-dependent histone deacetylases, which cleave the acetyl-group from acetylated proteins, such as histones but also the acetyl groups from several transcription factors, and in this way can change their activities. Of all seven mammalian SirTs, the human sirtuin SirT1 has been the most extensively studied. However, there is no crystal(More)
A series of N,N'-bisbenzylidenebenzene-1,4-diamine and N,N'-bisbenzylidenenaphthalene-1,4-diamine derivatives were synthesized as inhibitors for human sirtuin type 2 (SIRT2). The design of the new compounds was based on two earlier reported hits from molecular modeling and virtual screening. The most potent compound was(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) inhibition potencies of structurally diverse compounds to create a comprehensive three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) model of CYP1A2 inhibitors and to use this model to predict the inhibition potencies of an external set of compounds. Fifty-two(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop screening and in silico modeling methods to obtain accurate information on the active center of CYP2A6, a nicotine oxidizing enzyme. The inhibitory potencies of 26 naphthalene and 16 non-naphthalene derivatives were determined for human CYP2A6 and mouse CYP2A5 enzymes. Several comparative molecular field analysis(More)
For 8500 organic chemicals from the Canadian Domestic Substances List, air/water and octanol/water partition coefficients have been calculated with COSMOfrag a predictive a priori method based on quantum mechanics and statistical thermodynamics provided by COSMOlogic. The results were compared with predictions from the EPI Suite. On average a difference of(More)
Because of the increasing number of immunocompromised patients and due to problems with antifungal treatment, especially with the most widely used antifungals, azoles, there is an urgent need for new, potent and safe antifungals with fewer cytochrome P450 (CYP)-mediated interactions with other drugs. In the present study, 54 novel non-azole molecules were(More)