Carsten Wikkelsø

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In the present study we describe an ELISA to quantify the light subunit of the neurofilament triplet protein (NFL) in CSF. The method was validated by measuring CSF NFL concentrations in healthy individuals and in two well-characterized groups of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The levels were increased in ALS(More)
BACKGROUND Tau protein and the 42-amino acid form of beta-amyloid (Abeta42) measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been proposed as potential biochemical diagnostic markers for Alzheimer disease. For the introduction of these assays in clinical practice, adequate reference values are of importance. METHODS CSF samples were obtained from 231(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE White matter changes such as periventricular hyperintensity (PVH) and deep white matter hyperintensity (DWMH) are associated with both periventricular edema and ischemic white matter degeneration. Their diagnostic and predictive value in normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is unclear. To identify prognostically important changes, we(More)
The present study concerns an ELISA for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The application of the method in CSF of children has previously been described in this journal. We have now adapted the technique to allow determination of the much higher GFAP concentrations found in normal and pathological CSF of adults. The assay(More)
OBJECTIVES This observational study aimed to explore the pathophysiology of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) and to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of CSF biomarkers. METHODS Lumbar CSF of patients with iNPH and healthy elderly individuals (HI) and ventricular CSF (VCSF) from the patients with iNPH pre and 6 months postsurgery(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) in elderly persons in a large population-based sample using radiologic and clinical examinations. METHODS We examined representative elderly populations aged 70 years and older that had undergone neuropsychiatric evaluations and CT of the(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyse the diagnostic and prognostic value of periventricular hyperintensity (PVH) and deep white matter hyperintensity (DWMH) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) changes and their relation to symptoms and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers of demyelination (sulphatide) and axonal degeneration [neurofilament triplet protein (NFL)] in a large(More)
During neurosurgery the freshly secreted extracellular fluid (ECF) from the choroid plexus was sampled with small pieces of application paper in three patients with intractable epilepsy. The samples were analyzed for free amino acids and for soluble proteins. The results were compared with corresponding data on extracellular fluid from the brain surface(More)
OBJECTIVE To prospectively evaluate the effects of shunting on the neuropsychological performance of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH), to compare their performance with that of healthy individuals, and to estimate the predictive utility of putatively important factors. METHODS A consecutive series of 47 patients with INPH(More)
OBJECTIVE To study prospectively the correlation between clinical outcome after endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and resistance to the outflow of cerebrospinal fluid (R(out)) and elastance in adults with hydrocephalus caused by primary aqueductal stenosis (AS). METHODS R(out) and elastance were measured in the subarachnoid space and(More)