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The integrity of peripheral nerves relies on communication between axons and Schwann cells. The axonal signals that ensure myelin maintenance are distinct from those that direct myelination and are largely unknown. Here we show that ablation of the prion protein PrP(C) triggers a chronic demyelinating polyneuropathy (CDP) in four independently targeted(More)
OBJECTIVES Recently, we proposed a new stimulation paradigm for brain computer interfaces (BCI) based on event-related potentials (ERP), i.e. flashing characters with superimposed pictures of well-known faces. This new face flashing (FF) paradigm significantly outperformed the commonly used character flashing (CF) approach, i.e. simply highlighting(More)
Mice heterozygously deficient for myelin protein zero (P0) mimicking human Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease 1B show T-lymphocyte and macrophage upregulation in peripheral nerves, which aggravates and modulates the genetically mediated demyelinating neuropathy. In connexin32 (cx32)-deficient (cx32(def)) mice, which mimic the X-linked dominant form of CMT(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Prolonged T2 relaxation time of denervated muscle has been described in several clinical and experimental studies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of MR imaging in the diagnosis of neurogenic muscle disorders compared with that of clinical and electrophysiologic examination. METHODS In a prospective study, 40(More)
Mice deficient in the peripheral myelin component P0 mimic severe forms of inherited peripheral neuropathies in humans, with defective myelin formation and consequent axonal loss. We cross-bred these mice with the spontaneous mutant C57BL/Wld(s) typically showing protection from Wallerian degeneration because of fusion of the ubiquitination factor E4B(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 1A (CMT 1 A) is the most common inherited neuropathy in humans and is mostly caused by a 1.5-Mb tandem duplication of chromosome 17 comprising the gene for the peripheral myelin protein 22-kDa (PMP 22). Although there are numerous studies on the functional role of PMP 22, the mechanisms of myelin degeneration under PMP(More)
Acute axonal nerve lesions cause a hyperintense signal on T2-weighted (T2-w) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at the nerve lesion site and distal to it. The aim of this experimental study was to investigate the spatiotemporal evolution and resolution of MR nerve signal changes following denervation and reinnervation, and to relate these findings to(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) comprises a family of clinically and genetically very heterogeneous hereditary peripheral neuropathies and is one of the most common inherited neurological disorders. We have generated a mouse model for CMT type 4B1 using embryonic stem cell technology. To this end, we introduced a stop codon into the Mtmr2 locus within(More)
Studying the function and malfunction of genes and proteins associated with inherited forms of peripheral neuropathies has provided multiple clues to our understanding of myelinated nerves in health and disease. Here, we have generated a mouse model for the peripheral neuropathy Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4H by constitutively disrupting the mouse(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease denotes a large group of genetically heterogeneous hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies and ranks among the most common inherited neurological disorders. Mutations in the Myotubularin-Related Protein-2 (MTMR2) or MTMR13/Set-Binding Factor-2 (SBF2) genes are associated with the autosomal recessive disease subtypes(More)