Carsten Schmitz

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TRPM7 is a polypeptide with intrinsic ion channel and protein kinase domains whose targeted deletion causes cells to experience growth arrest within 24 hr and eventually die. Here, we show that while TRPM7's kinase domain is not essential for activation of its channel, a functional coupling exists such that structural alterations of the kinase domain alter(More)
TRPM2 is a member of the transient receptor potential melastatin-related (TRPM) family of cation channels, which possesses both ion channel and ADP-ribose hydrolase functions. TRPM2 has been shown to gate in response to oxidative and nitrosative stresses, but the mechanism through which TRPM2 gating is induced by these types of stimuli is not clear. Here we(More)
TRPM7 is a ubiquitously expressed and constitutively active divalent cation-selective ion channel, whose basal activity is regulated by intracellular levels of Mg(2+) and Mg.ATP. We have investigated receptor-mediated mechanisms that may actively regulate TRPM7 activity. We here report that TRPM7 currents are suppressed by intracellular GTPgammaS,(More)
TRPM2 is a recently identified TRPM family cation channel which is unique among known ion channels in that it contains a C-terminal domain which is homologous to the NUDT9 ADP-ribose hydrolase and possesses intrinsic ADP-ribose hydrolase activity. Here, available information on the TRPM2 gene, transcripts, predicted protein products, and assembled(More)
Two related neurodegenerative disorders, Western Pacific amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and parkinsonism-dementia (PD), originally occurred at a high incidence on Guam, in the Kii peninsula of Japan, and in southern West New Guinea more than 50 years ago. These three foci shared a unique mineral environment characterized by the presence of severely low(More)
TRPM7 and its closest homologue, TRPM6, are the only known fusions of an ion channel pore with a kinase domain. Deletion of TRPM7 in DT40 B-lymphocytes causes growth arrest, Mg(2+) deficiency, and cell death within 24-48 h. Amazingly, in analogy to TRPM6-deficient patients who can live a normal life if provided with a Mg(2+)-rich diet, TRPM7-deficient DT40(More)
In just a few years, the discovery and subsequent characterization of several members of the TRPM family of cation channels have provided us with surprising new insights into unknown aspects of cellular ion-homeostasis regulation. This includes reports about ADP-ribose functioning as a novel intracellular second messenger and gating molecule of the(More)
PLC-isozymes are central elements of cellular signaling downstream of numerous receptors. PLCγ2 is a pivotal component of B cell receptor (BCR) signaling. The regulation of PLCγ2-dependent signaling functions by Tyr-phosphorylation is well characterized, however, the potential role of Ser/Thr phosphorylation events remains undefined. TRPM7 is the fusion of(More)
Magnesium (Mg(2+)) transport across membranes plays an essential role in cellular growth and survival. TRPM7 is the unique fusion of a Mg(2+) permeable pore with an active cytosolic kinase domain, and is considered a master regulator of cellular Mg(2+) homeostasis. We previously found that the genetic deletion of TRPM7 in DT40 B cells results in Mg(2+)(More)
Protein translation is an essential but energetically expensive process, which is carefully regulated in accordance to the cellular nutritional and energy status. Eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eEF2) is a central regulation point since it mediates ribosomal translocation and can be inhibited by phosphorylation at Thr56. TRPM7 is the unique fusion of an ion(More)