Carsten Rothe

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Intrinsic long-lived electrophosphorescence and delayed electroluminescence from a conjugated polymer (polyfluorene) thin film is observed for the first time at low temperature. From bias offset voltage dependent measurements, it is concluded that the delayed fluorescence is generated via triplet-triplet annihilation. A fast and efficient triplet exciton(More)
Organic light emitting devices (OLEDs) are now used in commercial cell phones and flat screen displays, but may become even more successful in lighting applications, in which large area, high efficiency, long lifetime and low cost are essential. Due to the relatively high refractive index of the organic layers, conventional planar bottom emitting OLEDs have(More)
A carbazole homopolymer and carbazole copolymers based on 9,9'-dialkyl-[3,3']-bicarbazolyl, 2,5-diphenyl-[1,3,4]-oxadiazole and 9,9-bis(4-[3,7-dimethyloctyloxy]phenyl)fluorene were synthesized and their electrical and photophysical properties were characterized with respect to their application as host in phosphorescent polymer light-emitting diodes. It is(More)
First-principles quantum mechanical calculations show that the exponential-decay law for any metastable state is only an approximation and predict an asymptotically algebraic contribution to the decay for sufficiently long times. In this Letter, we measure the luminescence decays of many dissolved organic materials after pulsed laser excitation over more(More)
In this study, the singlet and triplet exciton generation yields of a representative blue-emitting conjugated polymer are directly compared using simultaneous optical and electrical excitation measurements. After carefully accounting for bimolecular triplet annihilation and knowing the independently measured solid state inter-system-crossing yield of the(More)
In the first part of this work we revisit and reevaluate the experimental data that lead to the assignment of the origin of the delayed fluorescence (DF) to triplet-triplet annihilation for polyfluorene and to geminate pair recombination in the case of the ladder-type polyparaphenylene (MeLPPP); the ambiguity of this classification is unveiled. Next, new(More)
Using gated optical spectroscopy at low temperatures, a polyspirobifluorene has been compared with an alternating carbazole-spirobifluorene copolymer in which the backbone conjugation is interrupted due to meta coupling of the carbazole moieties. In the copolymer both singlet and triplet energy levels are blueshifted by 130 meV with respect to the(More)
A major potential difference between polymer and small molecule organic light-emitting devices is the possibility of spin-dependent charge recombination in the latter. In this case, the singlet exciton formation yield, one of the key parameters that determines device efficiencies, deviates from the simple quantum mechanical spin statistics prediction of(More)
The triplet kinetics of a conjugated polymer, polyspirobifluorene, have been studied using time resolved photoinduced absorption spectroscopy and gated emission delayed fluorescence. Working on isolated polymer chains in dilute solution, we pay particular attention to the buildup and decay of the triplet states following intersystem crossing from the(More)
In this study, we report on the unusual fluorescence decay of an alkoxy-substituted polyspirobifluorene. Excited state behavior has been probed as a function of time, using femtosecond photobleaching, single photon counting, and streak camera techniques. Unusually complex decay kinetics are observed, which strongly depend on solvent viscosity and polarity,(More)