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BACKGROUND Irradiation after mastectomy can reduce locoregional recurrences in women with breast cancer, but whether it prolongs survival remains controversial. We conducted a randomized trial of radiotherapy after mastectomy in high-risk premenopausal women, all of whom also received adjuvant systemic chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and(More)
The Danish Breast Cancer Cooperative Group (DBCG) conducted a randomized trial comparing breast conservation with mastectomy in patients with invasive mammary carcinoma. From January 1983 to March 1989, the trial accrued a total of 1153 women. Of this number, 905 patients (79%) were randomly assigned to one of the two treatment options, whereas 248 patients(More)
The Mr 52,000 cathepsin D is the precursor of a lysosomal protease secreted in excess by breast cancer cells. This protease can degrade extracellular matrices and proteoglycans and is induced by estrogens in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cell lines. In a 4- to 6-yr retrospective cohort study, the concentration of the total cathepsin D (precursor(More)
PURPOSE Few studies have examined the possible importance of biologic prognostic factors in breast cancer connected with differentiation and growth in predicting response to a specific adjuvant treatment. HER2, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and p53 have all been suggested as possible markers of tamoxifen resistance. The aim of this study was to(More)
Lipophilic statins purportedly exert anti-tumoral effects on breast cancer by decreasing proliferation and increasing apoptosis. HMG-CoA reductase (HMGCR), the rate-limiting enzyme of the mevalonate pathway, is the target of statins. However, data on statin-induced effects on HMGCR activity in cancer are limited. Thus, this pre-operative study investigated(More)
PURPOSE To test for possible correlations between dose of single-drug epirubicin and efficacy/toxicity in postmenopausal women with metastatic breast cancer. The study also included analysis of a correlation between pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS Two hundred eighty-seven women were randomized to receive either 40, 60,(More)
Since the few data exploring a possible association between Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and breast cancer are conflicting, we investigated this association together with the influences of geographical areas. 509 breast cancers were sampled from areas with varying risks of nasopharynx carcinoma (NPC) such as North Africa (Algeria and Tunisia, high-risk area);(More)
The prognostic role of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the related receptor p185HER-2 in lung cancer is as yet undefined. We investigated the immunohistochemical expression of EGFR (monoclonal antibody R1; Amersham) and p185HER-2 (polyclonal antibody A485; Dako) in cryosections. A total of 186 unselected and systemically untreated patients(More)
It was previously shown that letrozole (Femara) was significantly more potent than anastrozole (Arimidex) in inhibiting aromatase activity in vitro and in inhibiting total body aromatisation in patients with breast cancer. The objective of this study was to compare letrozole (2.5 mg per day) and anastrozole (1 mg per day) as endocrine therapy in(More)
The impact of treatment duration on survival and progression-free survival is uncertain in metastatic breast cancer. In this trial 359 patients were randomised to receive cyclophosphamide, epirubicin and 5-fluorouracil (CEF) once every 3 weeks for a maximum of 18 months or identical chemotherapy for a maximum of 6 months. Following progressive disease (PD)(More)