Carsten Posovszky

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BACKGROUND Enteroendocrine (EE) cells are necessary for the regulation of gastrointestinal function. The lack of intestinal enteroendocrine cells in enteroendocrine cell dysgenesis causes severe malabsorptive diarrhea. Autoimmune-polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal-dystrophy (APECED) is often accompanied by gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. AIMS We(More)
The development of intramural duodenal haematoma (IDH) after small bowel biopsy is an unusual lesion and has only been reported in 18 children. Coagulopathy, thrombocytopenia and some special features of duodenal anatomy, e.g. relatively fixed position in the retroperitoneum and numerous submucosal blood vessels, have been suggested as a cause for IDH. The(More)
CD95-L, TNF-α and TRAIL are death-inducing ligands (DILs) which may signal apoptosis via crosslinking of their cognate receptors. The present study shows that treatment of cells with agonistic mAB αAPO-1 (CD95), recombinant TRAIL or TNF-α leads to enhanced mRNA and protein expression of each DIL with concomitant death in target cells. Immunoprecipitation of(More)
By comparative proteome analysis we searched for characteristic alterations of human plasma accompanying neoplastic disease. We identified protein alterations in plasma of prostate-, lung-, and breast-cancer patients in comparison to controls, comprising elevated levels of fibrinogen gamma-chain dimer, degradation products of antiplasmin and laminin(More)
OBJECTIVE Comparing health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children suffering from functional and organic gastrointestinal disorders and to identify predictors for HRQOL. METHODS Children with functional (n = 70) and organic (n = 100) gastrointestinal disorders, aged 8-18 years and referred to a pediatric gastroenterologist, completed questionnaires(More)
Obesity is an epidemic and medical issue. Investigating the pathways regulating appetite, food intake, and body weight is crucial to find strategies for the prevention and treatment of obesity. In the context of therapeutic strategies, we focus here on the potential of enteroendocrine cells (EECs) and their secreted hormones in the regulation of body(More)
The CD95 (APO-1/Fas) system plays an important role in lymphocyte homeostasis and contributes to anticancer drug-induced apoptosis in some tumor cells. Most childhood B-lineage ALL cells are constitutively resistant towards CD95-induced death. We report here that chemotherapeutic drugs, such as doxorubicin, cytarabine, methotrexate and 6-mercaptopurine,(More)
Dendritic cell (DC) development and function is critical in the initiation phase of any antigen-specific immune response against tumours. Impaired function of DC is one explanation as to how tumours escape immunosurveillance. In the presence of various soluble tumour-related factors DC precursors lose their ability to differentiate into mature DC and to(More)
Identifying rare genetic forms of infantile cholestasis is challenging due to their similar clinical presentation and their diverse etiology. After exclusion of common non-genetic causes a huge list of rare differential diagnosis remains to be solved. More than 90 genes are associated with monogenic forms of infantile cholestasis, thus preventing routine(More)
BACKGROUND Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) is a rare primary immune disorder defined by mutations in the syntaxin binding protein 2 (STXBP2) alias MUNC18-2. Despite defective immunity and a hyper-inflammatory state, clinical findings such as neurological, gastrointestinal, and bleeding disorders are present in a significant number of(More)