Carsten Pfüller

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We analyze the strain state of GaN nanowire ensembles by x-ray diffraction. The nanowires are grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a Si(111) substrate in a self-organized manner. On a macroscopic scale, the nanowires are found to be free of strain. However, coalescence of the nanowires results in micro-strain with a magnitude from ± (0.015)% to ± (0.03)%.(More)
The incorporation of Au during vapor-liquid-solid nanowire growth might inherently limit the performance of nanowire-based devices. Here, we assess the material quality of Au-assisted and Au-free grown GaAs/(Al,Ga)As core-shell nanowires using photoluminescence spectroscopy. We show that at room temperature, the internal quantum efficiency is systematically(More)
The oscillating piezoelectric field of a surface acoustic wave (SAW) is employed to transport photoexcited carriers, as well as to spatially control exciton recombination in GaAs-based nanowires (NWs) on a subns time scale. The experiments are carried out in core-shell NWs transferred to a SAW delay line on a LiNbO(3) crystal. Carriers generated in the NW(More)
GaN nanowire ensembles with axial In(x)Ga(1-x)N multi-quantum-wells (MQWs) were grown by molecular beam epitaxy. In a series of samples we varied the In content in the MQWs from almost zero to around 20%. Within the nanowire ensemble, the MQWs fluctuate strongly in composition and size. Statistical information about the composition was obtained from x-ray(More)
This thesis presents a detailed investigation of the optical properties of semiconductor nanowires (NWs) in general and single GaN NWs and GaN NW ensembles in particular by photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. NWs are often considered as potential building blocks for future nanometer-scaled devices. This vision is based on several attractive features that(More)
Horses were examined for the behaviour of various blood constituents prior to and following infusions of solutions of glucose, fructose, invertose, and sorbitol. Infusion of 0.5 g/kg live weight glucose to six horses was followed by half-life variation between eleven and 23 minutes. Subsequent infusion of invertose to the same animals usually caused(More)
In strained heteroepitaxy, two-dimensional layers can exhibit a critical thickness at which three-dimensional islands self-assemble, relieving misfit strain at the cost of an increased surface area. Here we show that such a morphological phase transition can be induced on demand using surfactants. We explore Bi as a surfactant in the growth of InAs on(More)
We demonstrate an all-epitaxial and scalable growth approach to fabricate single-crystalline GaN nanowires on graphene by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. As substrate, we explore several types of epitaxial graphene layer structures synthesized on SiC. The different structures differ mainly in their total number of graphene layers. Because graphene(More)
We report on plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxial growth of almost randomly oriented, uniformly tilted, and vertically aligned self-assembled GaN nanowires (NWs), respectively, on different types of polycrystalline Ti foils. The NW orientation with respect to the substrate normal, which is affected by an in situ treatment of the foil surface before NW(More)
: The oscillating piezoelectric field of a surface acoustic wave (SAW) is employed to transport photoexcited electrons and holes in GaAs nanowires deposited on a SAW delay line on a LiNbO3 crystal. The carriers generated in the nanowire by a focused light spot are acoustically transferred to a second location where they recombine. We show that the(More)
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