Carsten M Schmalfuss

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Veterans with chronic heart failure (HF) are frequently elderly, have numerous comorbid chronic medical illnesses, frequent hospitalizations, and have high rates of cardiovascular events. Within the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), primary care providers are required to manage the majority of HF patients because access to cardiac specialty care within(More)
Six cases in our institution of various presentations of left anterior descending (LAD) myocardial bridging were found on coronary angiography. Generally a benign condition, this finding can result in ischemia or infarction as seen in some of our cases. We found one case in which the bridge resulted in an anterior myocardial infarction in an elderly(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility that some patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) but negative exercise or chemical stress test results might have mental stress-induced ischemia. The study population consisted solely of those with negative test results. BACKGROUND Mental stress-induced ischemia has been reported(More)
BACKGROUND An altered diurnal blood pressure (BP) pattern has been linked to the risk of developing heart failure (HF). We tested whether an altered diurnal BP pattern is associated with adverse outcomes (death or hospitalization for HF exacerbation) in patients with HF. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 118 patients with HF were enrolled from a tertiary(More)
Atherosclerosis is a disease process that affects the coronary, cerebral and peripheral arterial circulation. While great emphasis has been placed on the aggressive pharmacological management of coronary artery disease, less attention has been paid to the pharmacological management of peripheral vascular disease, despite its significant morbidity and(More)
BACKGROUND Contrast media administered during cardiac catheterization can affect hemodynamic variables. However, little is documented about the effects of contrast on hemodynamics in heart failure patients or the prognostic value of baseline and changes in hemodynamics for predicting subsequent adverse events. METHODS AND RESULTS In this prospective study(More)