Carsten Kröger

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More than 50 y of research have provided great insight into the physiology, metabolism, and molecular biology of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium), but important gaps in our knowledge remain. It is clear that a precise choreography of gene expression is required for Salmonella infection, but basic genetic information such as the(More)
Bacterial transcriptional networks consist of hundreds of transcription factors and thousands of promoters. However, the true complexity of transcription in a bacterial pathogen and the effect of the environments encountered during infection remain to be established. We present a simplified approach for global promoter identification in bacteria using(More)
The twin arginine (Tat) secretion pathway allows the translocation of folded proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane of bacteria. Tat-specific signal peptides contain a characteristic amino acid motif ((S/T)RRXFLK) including two highly conserved consecutive arginine residues that are thought to be involved in the recognition of the signal peptides by the(More)
Knockout mutation of STM4432 resulted in a growth-deficient phenotype of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in the presence of myo-inositol (MI) as the sole carbon source. STM4432 is part of a 22.6-kb genomic island which spans STM4417 to STM4436 (genomic island 4417/4436) and is responsible for MI degradation. Genome comparison revealed the presence(More)
The combination of genomics and high-throughput cDNA sequencing technologies has facilitated the identification of many small RNAs (sRNAs) that play a central role in the post-transcriptional gene regulation of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. To date, most of the functionally characterized sRNAs have been involved in the regulation of processes(More)
The first decade of transcriptomic studies of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium focused upon gene expression in vitro, and during the infection of mammalian cells. The published regulons and stimulons show that the three Type Three Secretion Systems of S. Typhimurium respond to a diverse range of environmental conditions, and are controlled by a(More)
Pathogenic bacteria often need to survive in the host and the environment, and it is not well understood how cells transition between these equally challenging situations. For the human and animal pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, biofilm formation is correlated with persistence outside a host, but the connection to virulence is unknown. In(More)
The capability of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strain 14028 (S. Typhimurium 14028) to utilize myo-inositol (MI) is determined by the genomic island GEI4417/4436 carrying the iol genes that encode enzymes, transporters, and a repressor responsible for the MI catabolic pathway. In contrast to all bacteria investigated thus far, S. Typhimurium 14028(More)
The nucleoid-associated protein FIS is a global regulator of gene expression and chromosome structure in Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica. Despite the importance of FIS for infection and intracellular invasion, very little is known about the regulation of S. enterica fis expression. Under standard laboratory growth conditions, fis is highly(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is arguably the world's best-understood bacterial pathogen. However, crucial details about the genetic programs used by the bacterium to survive and replicate in macrophages have remained obscure because of the challenge of studying gene expression of intracellular pathogens during infection. Here, we report the use(More)