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- Ioannis Bouras, Etele Molnár, +5 authors Dirk H. Rischke
- Physical review letters
- 2009

We solve the relativistic Riemann problem in viscous gluon matter employing a microscopic parton cascade. We demonstrate the transition from ideal to viscous shock waves by varying the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio eta/s from zero to infinity. We show that an eta/s ratio larger than 0.2 prevents the development of well-defined shock waves on time… (More)

- Zhe Xu, Carsten Greiner, Horst Stöcker
- Physical review letters
- 2008

The elliptic flow v_{2} and the ratio of the shear viscosity over the entropy density, eta/s, of gluon matter are calculated from the perturbative QCD (pQCD) based parton cascade Boltzmann approach of multiparton scatterings. For Au+Au collisions at sqrt[s]=200A GeV the gluon plasma generates large v_{2} values measured at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion… (More)

- Zhe Xu, Carsten Greiner
- Physical review letters
- 2008

The relation of the shear viscosity coefficient to the recently introduced transport rate is derived within relativistic kinetic theory. We calculate the shear viscosity over entropy ratio eta/s for a gluon gas, which involves elastic gg-->gg perturbative QCD (PQCD) scatterings as well as inelastic gg<-->ggg PQCD bremsstrahlung. For alpha_{s}=0.3 we find… (More)

The appearance of quark phases in the dense interior of neutron stars provides one possibility to soften the equation of state (EOS) of neutron star matter at high densities. This softening leads to more compact equilibrium configurations of neutron stars compared to pure hadronic stars of the same mass. We investigate the question to which amount Supported… (More)

- Jacquelyn Noronha-Hostler, Jorge Noronha, Carsten Greiner
- Physical review letters
- 2009

A hadron resonance gas model including all known particles and resonances with masses m < 2 GeV and an exponentially rising density of Hagedorn states for m > 2 GeV is used to obtain an upper bound on the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio, eta/s approximately 1/(4pi), of hadronic matter near Tc. We found a large trace anomaly and small speed of sound… (More)

- Zhe Xu, Carsten Greiner
- 1999

Applying a microscopically motivated semi-classical Langevin description of the linear sigma model we investigate for various different scenarios the stochastic evolution of a disoriented chiral condensate (DCC) in a rapidly expanding system. Some particular emphasize is put on the numerical realisation of colored noise in order to treat the underlying… (More)

- Björn Schenke, Carsten Greiner
- Physical review letters
- 2007

Scenarios with dropping vector meson masses, motivated by the work of Brown and Rho, have been strongly discussed after recent NA60 Collaboration data were presented. In this Letter they are investigated within a nonequilibrium field theoretical description that includes quantum mechanical memory. Dimuon yields are calculated by application of a model for… (More)

Utilizing the Langevin equation for the linear σ-model we investigate the effect of friction and white noise on the evolution and stability of collective pionic fields in energetic heavy ion collisions. We find that the smaller the volume, the more stable transverse (pionic) fluctuations become on a homogeneous disoriented chiral field background (the… (More)

Ill-defined pinch singularities arising in a perturbative expansion in out of equilibrium quantum field theory have a natural analogue to standard scattering theory. We explicitly demonstrate that the occurrence of such terms is directly related to Fermi’s golden rule known from elementary scattering theory and is thus of no mystery. We further argue that… (More)

We investigate the influence of medium effects on the structure of hybrid stars, i.e. neutron stars possessing a quark matter core. We found that medium effects in quark matter reduce the extent of a pure quark matter phase in the interior of a hybrid star significantly in favor of a mixed phase of quark and hadronic matter. Over a wide range of the strong… (More)