Carsten G Ziske

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OBJECTIVE Neutropenic enterocolitis is a life-threatening complication occurring most frequently after intensive chemotherapy in acute leukaemias. The literature is heterogeneous and a systematic review is lacking. METHODS Following a systematic search we categorised all relevant reports according to their quality and extracted evidence to answer the(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer with extensive axillary-lymph-node involvement has a poor prognosis after conventional treatment. In trials with historical controls, high-dose chemotherapy produced improved outcomes. We compared an intensive double-cycle high-dose chemotherapy regimen with an accelerated conventionally dosed regimen in high-risk breast cancer in a(More)
We analysed the typical features of primary small cell carcinoma of the esophagus (SCCE) with emphasis on occurrence, behaviour, outcome and treatment options. This metaanalysis was aimed at collecting and analyzing information from international studies about handling this disease. This seems necessary due to the rarity of this disease. Studies were(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Carcinoma of the exocrine pancreas has a particularly poor prognosis. Therefore, novel therapeutic strategies such as immunotherapy are required. Here we investigated the immunomodulatory capacity of macrophage activating lipopeptide 2 (MALP-2), which binds to toll-like receptors 2 and 6 and induces activation of nuclear factor kappaB in(More)
Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) is positive in approximately 75% of all patients with neuroendocrine gastroenteropancreatic tumours. This study aimed to identify specific somatostatin receptor (sstr) subtypes, which are responsible for the in vivo binding of the widely used somatostatin analogue, octreotide in human neuroendocrine(More)
A prospective study of 62 chemotherapy-induced neutropenic episodes in patients with acute leukaemia was conducted to determine the incidence and causes of abdominal infections, and to assess the diagnostic value of the combined use of ultrasonography (US) and microbiology. Each patient underwent US of liver, gallbladder and complete bowel before(More)
Serum carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) has been identified as a useful tumour marker for diagnosis of exocrine pancreatic carcinoma, but its value for evaluating the response to chemotherapy with gemcitabine is not clear. Tumour regression in pancreatic carcinoma is hard to determine due to massive desmoplastic tissue. Furthermore, objective tumour(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (HDT/ASCT) has proven to be superior to conventional chemotherapy in patients with chemosensitive relapse of aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Therefore, HDT/ASCT was evaluated as part of first-line therapy. Several trials generated conflicting results.(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are major antigen-presenting cells. They are capable of capturing and processing tumor antigens, expressing lymphocyte costimulatory molecules, and secreting cytokines to initiate immune responses. Here, the authors tested the effect of cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells, a population that includes CD3+CD56+ cells (natural killer T(More)
Viral and plasmid vectors may cause unwanted immunological side effects resulting from the expression of nontherapeutic genes contained in their sequence. Furthermore, replication-defective viral vectors carry the potential risk of recombination with wild-type viruses or activation of oncogenes. A new vector type for minimalistic, immunologically defined(More)