Carsten Dietrich Goessl

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BACKGROUND Bone metastases are a major burden in men with advanced prostate cancer. We compared denosumab, a human monoclonal antibody against RANKL, with zoledronic acid for prevention of skeletal-related events in men with bone metastases from castration-resistant prostate cancer. METHODS In this phase 3 study, men with castration-resistant prostate(More)
BACKGROUND Androgen-deprivation therapy is well-established for treating prostate cancer but is associated with bone loss and an increased risk of fracture. We investigated the effects of denosumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody against receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand, on bone mineral density and fractures in men receiving(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the efficacy and safety of zoledronic acid for the treatment of bone metastases from breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Women with bone metastases (N = 228) were randomly assigned to receive 4 mg zoledronic acid (n = 114) or placebo (n = 114) via 15-minute infusions every 4 weeks for 1 year. The primary efficacy end point was the(More)
PURPOSE To describe the natural history of nonmetastatic prostate cancer and rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) despite androgen deprivation therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS The 201 patients in this report were the placebo control group from an aborted randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of zoledronic acid on time to first bone metastasis(More)
BACKGROUND Bone metastases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in men with prostate cancer. Preclinical studies suggest that osteoclast inhibition might prevent bone metastases. We assessed denosumab, a fully human anti-RANKL monoclonal antibody, for prevention of bone metastasis or death in non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. (More)
Promoter hypermethylation of the glutathione S-transferase P1 gene (GSTP1) is the most frequent DNA alteration in prostatic carcinoma. Because this epigenetic DNA alteration can be reliably detected by methylation-specific PCR (MSP), we applied this new technique for molecular detection of prostate cancer in various human bodily fluids. We investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) targeting promoter hypermethylation of the glutathione S transferase P1 gene (GSTP1), as the most frequent DNA alteration in prostatic carcinoma, was used for the molecular detection of cell-bound and cell-free prostate tumor DNA in various human bodily fluids. MATERIALS AND METHODS We(More)
OBJECTIVES Promoter hypermethylation of the glutathione-S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) gene is a specific feature of prostate cancer. This epigenetic DNA alteration served as the target for molecular detection of prostate cancer cells in urine sediments after prostatic massage. METHODS Bisulfite treatment followed by methylation-specific polymerase chain(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the effects of oral oxybutynin chloride (OC) on standard urodynamic measures in children with myelomeningocele (MMC) and detrusor hyperreflexia. METHODS Forty-one MMC children with detrusor hyperreflexia (19 boys and 22 girls, aged 2 months to 15 years; mean 4.9 years) were evaluated urodynamically before and within 3 months(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the urodynamic effects and tolerability of the new antimuscarinic drug tolterodine in children with detrusor hyperreflexia. METHODS Twenty-two children (12 boys and 10 girls; age range 3 months to 15 years, mean age 5.7 years) with detrusor hyperreflexia resulting in maximum detrusor pressures exceeding 40 cm H(2)O during filling(More)