Learn More
Reproductive behavior in Drosophila has both stereotyped and plastic components that are driven by age- and sex-specific chemical cues. Males who unsuccessfully court virgin females subsequently avoid females that are of the same age as the trainer. In contrast, males trained with mature mated females associate volatile appetitive and aversive pheromonal(More)
This study concerns the problem of odor receptor gene choice in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. From a family of 60 Odor receptor genes, only one or a small number are selected for expression by each olfactory receptor neuron. Little is known about how an olfactory receptor neuron selects a receptor, or how the nucleotide sequences flanking a(More)
Analysis of rhesus macaque leukocytes disclosed the presence of an 18-residue macrocyclic, tridisulfide antibiotic peptide in granules of neutrophils and monocytes. The peptide, termed rhesus theta defensin-1 (RTD-1), is microbicidal for bacteria and fungi at low micromolar concentrations. Antibacterial activity of the cyclic peptide was threefold greater(More)
Experiments to isolate and characterize rhesus macaque myeloid alpha-defensins (RMADs) were conducted. Seven RMAD peptides were isolated and sequenced, and the cDNAs encoding six of these peptides and one other alpha-defensin from bone marrow were also characterized. Four of the RMADs were found to be highly similar to human neutrophil alpha-defensins HNP-1(More)
LacZ-tagged human prostate carcinoma CWR22Rv1 cells metastasize spontaneously to lung, liver, and bone from subcutaneous primary tumors in athymic nude mice; these organs are ‘natural’ targets of metastasis for the human disease. To evaluate the mechanism(s) of metastasis to these organs, an experimental metastasis model was used by taking advantage of the(More)
Senescent human diploid fibroblasts (HDF) have elevated levels of ceramide and diacylglycerol (DAG) compared with young HDF. DNA fragmentation analysis demonstrated the increased ceramide in senescent HDF was not associated with apoptosis, whereas in young HDF, exogenous ceramide induced apoptosis. In young HDF treated with both exogenous ceramide and DAG,(More)
Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of primates provides an important model for infection of humans by HIV. Since mucosal epithelium is likely to be an important portal of entry, we decided to study aspects of the interaction of SIV with epithelial cells. SIV was shown to produce virus efficiently in polarized epithelial cells (Vero C1008)(More)
Tiodonium chloride (4-chlorophenyl-2-thienyliodonium chloride), when used in a twice daily mouthrinse at a concentration of 0.3% for either one or four weeks, inhibited dental plaque formation in rats that had been inoculated with Streptococcus mutans 6715-15 and Actinomyces viscosus T-6. Mouthrinses containing 0.1 and 0.2% tiodonium chloride were also(More)