Carroll-Ann Trotman

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OBJECTIVE In patients with cleft lip and palate, the aim of the study was (1) to determine and compare the level of agreement among examiners' subjective evaluations of static and dynamic lip form; (2) assess possible bias of examiners' subjective evaluations; and (3) determine the impact of lip scarring on an examiner's subjective assessment of dynamic lip(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore nasolabial movements in participants with repaired cleft lip and palate. DESIGN A parallel, three-group, nonrandomized clinical trial. SUBJECTS Group 1=31 participants with a cleft lip slated for revision surgery (revision), group 2=32 participants with a cleft lip who did not have surgery (nonrevision), and group 3=37 noncleft(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether patients with cleft lip have normal perioral sensation. DESIGN Each subject was carefully questioned about the following: sensation in the face at rest, light touch of different areas, and sensation in natural situations (e.g., exposure to cold weather) that reveal sensory abnormalities. A cotton-tip applicator stick was(More)
OBJECTIVE Children with a cleft of the upper lip exhibit obvious facial disfigurement. Many require multiple lip surgeries for an optimal esthetic result. However, because the decision for lip revision is based on subjective clinical criteria, clinicians may disagree on whether these surgeries should be performed. To establish more reliable, functionally(More)
OBJECTIVE In patients with cleft lip and palate, the aims of this study were to generate objective measures of different attributes of lip movement and to explore the utility of these objective measures by examining the association between examiners' subjective assessments with the objective measures. PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS Thirteen patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate lip force dynamics among participants with a repaired cleft of the lip and noncleft control participants. DESIGN A parallel, three-group, nonrandomized clinical trial. SUBJECTS Forty-eight participants with cleft lip and 36 noncleft participants. ANALYSIS Participants attended two separate visits. At each visit, they were(More)
OBJECTIVE Compare neurosensory assessments for participants with and without a cleft lip; identify between- and within-participant variables affecting sensory thresholds on the vermilion of participants with cleft lip. DESIGN A parallel group, nonrandomized clinical trial. SUBJECTS There were 56 participants with cleft lip and 37 noncleft participants.(More)
A consistent theme in the national dialogue about future directions for the educational arm of dentistry is how best to cultivate a school environment that will be seen as attractive by members of the dental community who desire to serve their profession as teachers and scholars. As a first step toward stimulating broad-based reflection on the working(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the facial movement characteristics of patients who underwent orthognathic surgery. The specific aims were to determine the presurgery versus postsurgery differences in facial movements; to determine whether the presurgery facial movements were similar among patients with different dentofacial deformities;(More)
PURPOSE To introduce a novel approach to analyze and model facial movements; and to quantify variations in facial movement caused by the extent of skeletal differences between the maxilla and mandible and the middle to lower facial heights. The hypothesis was that there are differences in facial movement related to the underlying facial skeleton which may(More)