Carrie McAdam-Marx

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BACKGROUND Approximately 3.2-3.9 million U.S. residents are infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Total annual costs (direct and indirect) in the United States for HCV were estimated to be $5.46 billion in 1997, and direct medical costs have been predicted to increase to $10.7 billion for the 10-year period from 2010 through 2019, due in part to the(More)
OBJECTIVE To review recent literature regarding relationships among age, weight or body mass index (BMI), bone mineral density (BMD), maternal history of fracture, or personal prior history of fracture and fragility fractures in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO). DATA SOURCES A MEDLINE database search (1995-June 30, 2007) was conducted to(More)
Osteoporosis represents a growing health burden, but recognition and screening rates are low. Electronic reminders for osteoporosis have been beneficial but are not based on clinical risk factors. Available risk screening tools may contain useful constructs for creating risk-based electronic medical record (EMR) reminders. Using a cohort study design among(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim is to quantify community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) treatment outcomes and costs from a managed care perspective by the level of macrolide resistance corresponding to the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) where patients lived. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective analysis was conducted using the i3 Magnify database (05/2000-05/2005)(More)
BACKGROUND The expanding role of technology to augment diabetes care and management highlights the need for clinicians to learn about these new tools. As these tools continue to evolve and enhance improved outcomes, it is imperative that clinicians consider the role of telemonitoring, or remote monitoring, in patient care. This article describes a(More)
Controversy exists regarding the selection of second-line therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who are unable to achieve glycemic control with metformin therapy alone. Newer pharmacologic treatments for T2DM include glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors. Both the classes of medication(More)
OBJECTIVE Few comparisons of real-world insulin detemir (DET) and insulin glargine (GLAR) utilization have been conducted, which would assist payers and other healthcare decision makers assess the cost effectiveness of these treatment alternatives. The aim of this study was to compare the amount of insulin utilized in a large cohort of patients with type 2(More)
BACKGROUND Resistant hypertension, or failure to attain blood pressure (BP) goals while treated with > or = 3 antihypertensives (including a diuretic), occurred in 15% to 18% of patients in prospective cohort trials. OBJECTIVES The aims of this work were to identify the prevalence of resistant hypertension in an ambulatory care setting and to describe the(More)
The paper reviews low back pain (LBP) studies with economic implications in order to determine whether the societal cost attributed to lower back pain (LBP) have changed since 2001, a time during which LBP treatment guidelines were updated. A Medline search of publications 2001 and 2007 using broadly defined keywords produced 338 abstracts that were(More)
AIM This study evaluated changes in clinical effectiveness measures of patients with type 2 diabetes initiating exenatide therapy in a real-world setting. METHODS Eligible patients identified in the General Electric (GE) electronic medical record (EMR) research database from 1 January 2000 through 31 December 2007 were > or =18 years old with type 2(More)