Carrie McAdam-Marx

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BACKGROUND Approximately 3.2-3.9 million U.S. residents are infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Total annual costs (direct and indirect) in the United States for HCV were estimated to be $5.46 billion in 1997, and direct medical costs have been predicted to increase to $10.7 billion for the 10-year period from 2010 through 2019, due in part to the(More)
SUMMARY We identified factors associated with oral bisphosphonate treatment in 50+-year-old female patients with a first fracture, osteoporosis diagnosis, or BMD < or =-2.5 in the Geisinger Health System electronic health record database. Treatment was positively associated with age, oral corticosteroids, and smoking, and negatively associated with body(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim is to quantify community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) treatment outcomes and costs from a managed care perspective by the level of macrolide resistance corresponding to the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) where patients lived. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective analysis was conducted using the i3 Magnify database (05/2000-05/2005)(More)
Insulin detemir is a long-acting basal insulin approved for use in patients with type 1 (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Insulin detemir has demonstrated equivalent glycemic control and hypoglycemic risk when compared to insulin glargine, and insulin detemir has generally but not consistently demonstrated less weight gain than insulin glargine in T2DM. The(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical pharmacy services (CPS) in the primary care setting have been shown to help patients attain treatment goals and improve outcomes. However, the availability of CPS in community-based primary care is not widespread. One reason is that current fee-for-service models offer limited reimbursement opportunities for CPS in the community setting.(More)
AIMS Examine the association between weight loss and adherence with glycaemic goal attainment in patients with inadequately controlled T2DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients ≥ 18 years with T2DM from a US integrated health system starting a new class of diabetes medication between 11/1/10 and 4/30/11 (index date) with baseline HbA1c ≥ 7.0% were included in(More)
Controversy exists regarding the selection of second-line therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who are unable to achieve glycemic control with metformin therapy alone. Newer pharmacologic treatments for T2DM include glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors. Both the classes of medication(More)
BACKGROUND Maintaining quality of care while managing limited healthcare resources is an ongoing challenge in healthcare. The objective of this study was to evaluate how the impact of drug management programs is reported in the literature and to identify potentially existing quality standards. METHODS This analysis relates to the published research on the(More)
BACKGROUND Managed care organizations (MCOs) have access to treatment and diagnosis information from administrative claims data but generally have limited or no access to clinical information about laboratory values or biometric values such as body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference. Thus, MCOs are generally unable to identify overweight patients with(More)
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