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Reproductive effects have been recorded in wild fish in waters receiving pulp mill effluent (PME) since the mid to late 1980s. Laboratory assays with fathead minnow (FHM; Pimephales promelas) have(More)
Reproductive effects of pulp mill effluents on fish continue to be reported in Canadian waters. Spawning delays, reduced gonad size, and altered levels of sex steroid hormones have been found in both(More)
The Junction Creek watershed, located in Sudbury, ON, Canada receives effluent from three metal mine wastewater treatment plants, as well as a municipal wastewater (MWW) discharge. Effects on fish(More)