Carolyne A Buser

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Colon cancer has been classically described by clinicopathologic features that permit the prediction of outcome only after surgical resection and staging. We performed an unsupervised analysis of microarray data from 326 colon cancers to identify the first principal component (PC1) of the most variable set of genes. PC1 deciphered two primary, intrinsic(More)
Cytochrome b559 (cyt b559) is an intrinsic and essential component of the photosystem II (PSII) protein complex, but its function, stoichiometry, and electron-transfer kinetics in the physiological system are not well-defined. In this study, we have used flash-detection optical spectroscopy to measure the kinetics and yields of photooxidation and dark(More)
The binding of Src to phospholipid membranes requires both hydrophobic insertion of its myristate into the hydrocarbon interior of the membrane and nonspecific electrostatic interaction of its N-terminal cluster of basic residues with acidic phospholipids. We provide a theoretical description of the electrostatic partitioning of Src onto phospholipid(More)
The myristoylated alanine-rich protein kinase C substrate (MARCKS) is a major protein kinase C (PKC) substrate in many different cell types. MARCKS is bound to the plasma membrane, and several recent studies suggest that this binding requires both hydrophobic insertion of its myristate chain into the bilayer and electrostatic interaction of its cluster of(More)
Membrane association is required for cell transformation by pp60v-src (v-Src), the product of the v-src oncogene of Rous sarcoma virus. Previous experiments have identified two NH2-terminal membrane-binding motifs: a myristate (14-carbon acyl chain) attached to the NH2-terminal glycine and three basic residues at positions 5, 7, and 9 of Src. We examined(More)
We have used flash-detection optical and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy to measure the kinetics and yield per flash of the photooxidation of cytochrome b559 and the yield per flash of the photooxidation of the tyrosine residue YD in Mn-depleted photosystem II (PSII) membranes at room temperature. The initial charge separation forms YZ+ QA-.(More)
Membrane targeting of pp60src (Src) is mediated by its myristoylated amino terminus. We demonstrate that, in addition to myristate, six basic residues in the amino terminus are essential for high-affinity binding to the lipid bilayer via electrostatic interaction with acidic phospholipids. Specifically, c-Src was shown to bind 2500-fold more strongly to(More)
Farnesyl:protein transferase (FPTase) inhibitors (FTIs) were originally developed as potential anticancer agents targeting the ras oncogene and are currently in clinical trials. Whereas FTIs inhibit the farnesylation of Ha-Ras, they do not completely inhibit the prenylation of Ki-Ras, the allele most frequently mutated in human cancers. Whereas(More)
Cytochrome b559 is an essential component of the photosystem II (PSII) protein complex. Its function, which has long been an unsolved puzzle, is likely to be related to the unique ability of PSII to oxidize water. We have used EPR spectroscopy and spectrophotometric redox titrations to probe the structure of cytochrome b559 in PSII samples that have been(More)