Carolyn W. Taylor

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BACKGROUND Radiotherapy for breast cancer often involves some incidental exposure of the heart to ionizing radiation. The effect of this exposure on the subsequent risk of ischemic heart disease is uncertain. METHODS We conducted a population-based case-control study of major coronary events (i.e., myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, or(More)
BACKGROUND Radiotherapy for early breast cancer can decrease breast cancer mortality but increase other mortality, mainly from heart disease and lung cancer. The mean cardiac dose from irradiation of a left-sided breast cancer can be two or three times that for a right-sided breast cancer. The mean ipsilateral (ie, on the same side as the breast cancer)(More)
We selected two drug resistant variants of the MCF7 human breast cancer cell line by chronic in vitro exposure to doxorubicin (MCF7/D40 cell line) and mitoxantrone (MCF7/Mitox cell line), respectively. The cell lines are similar in growth characteristics including doubling time, DNA synthetic phase and cell size. Resistance to mitoxantrone conferred only(More)
BACKGROUND Radiotherapy for breast cancer as delivered in the 1970s has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but recent studies of associations with modern regimens have been inconclusive. Few data on long-term cardiovascular disease risk according to specific radiation fields are available, and interaction with known(More)
SummaryThe extracellular (interstitial) pH (pHe) of solid tumours is significantly more acidic compared to normal tissues. In-vitro, low pH reduces the uptake of weakly basic chemotherapeutic drugs and, hence, reduces their cytotoxicity. This phenomenon has been postulated to contribute to a ‘physiological’ resistance to weakly basic drugs in vivo.(More)
PURPOSE To study incidence of radiation-related heart disease in a large population of breast cancer patients followed for up to 30 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS 72,134 women diagnosed with breast cancer in Denmark or Sweden during 1976-2006 and followed prospectively. Radiation-related risk was studied by comparing women with left-sided and right-sided(More)
In addition to its classic role in the cellular stress response, heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) plays a critical but less well appreciated role in regulating signal transduction pathways that control cell growth and survival under basal, nonstress conditions. Over the past 5 years, the antitumor antibiotics geldanamycin and radicicol have become recognized(More)
31p Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) was employed to investigate tumor pH in xenografts of drug-sensitive and drug-resistant MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cells. Measured extracellular pH values were found to be lower than the intracellular pH in all three tumor types investigated. The magnitude of this acid-outside plasmalemmal pH gradient increased(More)
PURPOSE Preoperative chemoradiation therapy is used widely in the treatment of rectal cancer. The predictive value of response to neoadjuvant remains uncertain. We retrospectively evaluated the impact of response to preoperative and, specifically, of T-level downstaging, nodal downstaging, and complete pathologic response after chemoradiation therapy on(More)
LY186641 (diarylsulfonylurea, [DSU]) is a novel anticancer agent because of its unique diarylsulfonylurea chemical structure, broad-spectrum antisolid-tumor activity in preclinical models, presumed novel mechanism of action and preclinical toxicities of methemoglobinemia (Met Hgb) and decreased red blood cell (RBC) survival. In this study, the in vitro drug(More)