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Early olfactory preference learning in rat pups occurs when novel odors are paired with tactile stimulation, for example stroking. cAMP-triggered phosphorylation of cAMP response element binding protein (pCREB) has been implicated as a mediator of learning and memory changes in various animals (Frank and Greenberg 1994). In the present study we investigate(More)
Norepinephrine (NE) and serotonin (5-HT) are important modulators of early odor preference learning. NE can act as an unconditioned stimulus (UCS), whereas 5-HT facilitates noradrenergic actions. In this study, we examined the phosphorylation of an important transcription factor, cAMP response element binding protein (CREB), which has been implicated in(More)
Emotional arousal enhances perception and memory of high-priority information but impairs processing of other information. Here, we propose that, under arousal, local glutamate levels signal the current strength of a representation and interact with norepinephrine (NE) to enhance high priority representations and out-compete or suppress lower priority(More)
Estrogen has been reported to enhance CA1 functional plasticity in adult rats, as measured by the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP). In the present study, the effects of androgens on CA1 LTP were assessed in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats in vivo following peripubertal castration. Castrated rats with cholesterol implants showed significantly greater(More)
Norepinephrine, acting through beta-adrenergic receptors, is implicated in mammalian memory. In in vitro and in vivo studies, norepinephrine produces potentiation of the perforant path-dentate gyrus evoked potential; however, the duration and dynamics of norepinephrine-induced potentiation have not been explored over extended time periods. To characterize(More)
Rats were trained to locate food in a response, direction, or place problem on an open field located at 2 positions. In Experiment 1, both the response and direction groups solved the problem. The place group failed to solve the task in approximately 300 trials. Experiment 2 demonstrated that rats need distinguishable start points to solve a place problem(More)
The effects of iontophoretically applied norepinephrine (NE) on the dentate gyrus field potential evoked by perforant path stimulation were examined. NE potentiated the population spike by 20-400%, whereas the population EPSP was rarely increased. At 39% of the potentiated sites NE application resulted in long-lasting potentiation (LLP) suggesting a role(More)
In the present study we assess a new model for classical conditioning of odor preference learning in rat pups. In preference learning beta(1)-adrenoceptors activated by the locus coeruleus mediate the unconditioned stimulus, whereas olfactory nerve input mediates the conditioned stimulus, odor. Serotonin (5-HT) depletion prevents odor learning, with(More)
The effects of superfusion of norepinephrine (NE) on perforant path (PP) evoked potentials in the dentate gyrus were evaluated in the rat hippocampal slice preparation. Superfusion of NE (10 microM) produced a facilitation of the PP evoked responses. Facilitation of the synaptically-evoked responses was expressed in the field potential as an increase in(More)
A large number of cells from the medial septum complex (MSC) innervate the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. Electrical prestimulation of the MSC enhances perforant path-dentate gyrus evoked field potentials. Considering the large number of fibres that pass through this region, the effects glutamatergic stimulation of the MSC had on dentate gyrus field(More)