Carolyn S. K. Chan

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Intraoperative freehand three-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound (3D-US) has been proposed as a noninvasive method for registering bones to a preoperative computed tomography image or computer-generated bone model during computer-aided orthopedic surgery (CAOS). In this technique, an US probe is tracked by a 3-D position sensor and acts as a percutaneous device(More)
This paper promotes the concept of active models in image-guided interventions. We outline the limitations of the rigid body assumption in image-guided interventions and describe how intraoperative imaging provides a rich source of information on spatial location of anatomical structures and therapy devices, allowing a preoperative plan to be updated during(More)
We determined whether the cardiovascular actions of central anti-hypertensive agents clonidine and moxonidine are dependent on noradrenergic or serotonergic innervation of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) in conscious rabbits. 6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) or 5,6-dihydroxytriptamine (5,6-DHT) was injected into the RVLM to deplete noradrenergic and(More)
Statistical shape modelling potentially provides a powerful tool for generating patient-specific, 3D representations of bony anatomy for computer-aided orthopaedic surgery (CAOS) without the need for a preoperative CT scan. Furthermore, freehand 3D ultrasound (US) provides a non-invasive method for digitising bone surfaces in the operating theatre that(More)
Since the first suggestion of the existence of imidazoline receptors, there has been a continuing and yet unresolved debate as to their contribution to the antihypertensive actions of clonidine-like agents. In this review we bring together a number of studies from our laboratory which have examined the importance and interdependence of imidazoline receptors(More)
A method is presented for the rigid registration of tracked B-mode ultrasound images to a CT volume of a femur and pelvis. This registration can allow tracked surgical instruments to be aligned with the CT image or an associated preoperative plan. Our method is fully automatic and requires no manual segmentation of either the ultrasound images or the CT(More)
We have examined the location and contribution of imidazoline receptors (IR) in mediating the hypotensive and sympatholytic actions of first and second generation anti-hypertensive agents in rabbits. We found that the hypotension produced by rilmenidine and moxonidine given intravenously (i.v.) or into the fourth ventricle (4V) was preferentially reversed(More)
We describe a new self-calibrating approach to rigid registration of 3D ultrasound images in which in vivo data acquired for registration are used to simultaneously perform a patient-specific update of the calibration parameters of the 3D ultrasound system. Using a self-calibrating implementation of a point-based registration algorithm, and points obtained(More)
Agmatine, an endogenous clonidine-displacing substance, has been shown to have an affinity for both alpha 2-adrenoceptors and imidazoline receptors (IR). In conscious rabbits, we have examined the cardiovascular effects of agmatine and its interaction with clonidine, a presumed agonist and 2-methoxyidazoxan, an antagonist at alpha 2-adrenoceptors. We have(More)
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