Carolyn S Hartsough

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This study focused on an audience at high risk for heavy use of licit and illicit substances: young adults who as children had attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The participants in this study were part of a longitudinal study of the life histories of 492 children, one third of whom were identified as hyperactive in 1974 and whose childhood(More)
This study reconsiders the relationship of childhood Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and childhood conduct problems with adult criminal activity by clarifying the role of the cardinal behaviors associated with the DSM-IV ADHD subtypes (inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity). Since their childhood (average age 9 years), 230 male and 75(More)
The pattern and progression in drug use across a 1-year interval was investigated for 54 hyperactives and 47 controls aged 13-18. Initiation and use rates between groups at Time 1 and Time 2 also were studied. Patterns of drug usage differed slightly between hyperactives and controls, with the hyperactives showing greater involvement with cigarettes. As(More)
Guided by the goal of documenting the natural course of the life histories of a large sample of hyperactive children and their control counterparts, this research reports the extent to which prenatal, developmental, and health history factors distinguish hyperactive and control groups, as well as the relative contributions of the various medical factors.(More)
Hyperactive boys and matched controls from a large-scale epidemiological study, followed for at least three years to age 12, were compared on parent and teacher reports and assessments of attention, achievement, and intellectual functioning. Three outcome groups, based on presence or absence of hyperactivity symptoms, were derived and compared to the(More)
Strategies are discussed for locating and interviewing a community-based sample of 492 adults, approximately half of whom were diagnosed in 1974 with ADHD. Completion rates, reasons for attrition, and amount of time and intensity of effort associated with subject location are reported. We found that 81% of the original sample had been located after 28(More)
Hyperactivity is a complex childhood problem and may represent several groups or syndromes, each with its own etiological patterns. This paper presents results of analyses indicating that, although biological and demographic factors may predispose children to being identified and treated as hyperactive, the major contributions to the condition are early(More)
The development of a standard scoring procedure by which the factor scores from the School Version of the Adaptive Behavior Scale can be combined was described. Subjects were 1,650 pupils in regular classes, 3,052 pupils in EMR programs, and 828 pupils in TMR classes from California and Florida. Discriminant analysis of the factor scores was computed in(More)
A factor analysis of the "Behavior and Temperament Survey--Home Version" resulted in four independent dimensions that were consistent with the DSM-III diagnostic criteria for inattention, hyperactivity, and conduct disorders. A factor dimension labeled "Impulsivity," not in DSM-III also resulted. Data include correlations between scales, descriptive(More)