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BACKGROUND Soluble silica, a ubiquitous component of the diet, may be the natural ligand for dietary aluminum and may prevent its accumulation and toxicity in animals. However, previous studies on the inhibition of aluminum absorption and toxicity by soluble silica have produced conflicting results. We recently identified a soluble silica polymer,(More)
Studies of the biological chemistry of aluminium can gain significantly from the use of the long-lived isotope 26Al as a tracer, although the cost of the isotope often precludes its determination by radiochemical counting techniques. Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) provides an ultra-sensitive method of determination, free from isobaric interference from(More)
Oxic resuspension occurs regularly in shallow lakes, yet its role as a mechanism for contaminant remobilization remains ill defined. This study investigated contaminant remobilization during sediment resuspension and determined whether changes in contaminant sediment partitioning reflected the mechanisms controlling remobilization. Arsenic-contaminated(More)
The overestimation of orthophosphate by filterable reactive phosphorus (FRP) measurement techniques has long been accepted. The aim of this study was to quantify that overestimation in 17 wetlands over time. Specifically an ultrafiltration technique was used prior to the application of the molybdenum blue phosphorus detection method to quantify(More)
The toxicity of heavy metals to biota in urban catchments has been regarded as a very important non-point source pollution issue. Numerous studies on heavy metal pollution in urban receiving waters have found that metal transport by surface runoff is closely correlated to the partitioning of the metal forms between dissolved and particulate phases, where(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o Protecting or restoring aquatic ecosystems in the face of growing anthropogenic pressures requires an understanding of hydrological and biogeochemical functioning across multiple spatial and temporal scales. Recent technological and methodological advances have vastly increased the number and diversity of hydrological, bio-geochemical,(More)
Water-sediment interactions triggered by the injection of oxidized aqueous solutions into anoxic groundwater systems usually modify both the aquifer matrix and control the final aqueous composition. The identification and quantification of these reactions in complex heterogeneous systems remains a challenge for the analysis and prediction of water quality(More)
Extremely acidic and saline groundwater occurs naturally in south-western Australia. Discharge of this water to surface waters has increased following extensive clearing of native vegetation for agriculture and is likely to have negative environmental impacts. The use of passive treatment systems to manage the acidic discharge and its impacts is complicated(More)
Among different Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) options, constructed wetlands (CWs) are widely used to protect and support downstream urban waterways from stormwater nutrients. This analysis assessed the nutrient attenuation ability of a novel CW in Western Australia that combined multiple alternating surface flow (SF) and laterite-based subsurface flow(More)
We investigated the microbial community compositions in two sediment samples from the acidic (pH ∼3) and hypersaline (>4.5% NaCl) surface waters, which are widespread in Western Australia. In West Dalyup River, large amounts of NaCl, Fe(II) and sulfate are brought by the groundwater into the surface run-off. The presence of K-jarosite and schwertmannite(More)