Carolyn M. Salafia

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The clinical relevance of histologic evidence of acute ascending intrauterine infection has been called into question by descriptions of "silent" chorioamnionitis. The described frequencies of silent chorioamnionitis in normal and abnormal pregnancies vary widely because of differences in the definition of a normal pregnancy, methods of placental(More)
Cord sera were obtained from 44 term, human infants exhibiting various patterns of intrauterine growth and were assayed for IGF-1, IGF-2, and IGFBP-1, 2, and 3 by specific RIAs. Serum levels were correlated with birth weight (BW), ponderal index (PI), and placental weight (PW). Total IGF-1 levels correlated significantly with BW (r = 0.392), PW (r = 0.351),(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies of maternal risk factors for abnormal placental growth have focused on placental weight and placental ratio as measures of placental growth. We sought to identify maternal risk factors for placental weight and two neglected dimensions of placental growth: placental thickness and chorionic plate area. METHODS We conducted an(More)
Placental pathology is rarely a part of the training for either obstetrician or pathologist. As a result there has been confusion regarding the potential benefits of routine placental examination. These benefits include clarification of the causes of many adverse pregnancy outcomes, improvement of the risk assessment for future pregnancies, and(More)
BACKGROUND Placentas are generally round/oval in shape, but "irregular" shapes are common. In the Collaborative Perinatal Project data, irregular shapes were associated with lower birth weight for placental weight, suggesting variably shaped placentas have altered function. METHODS (I) Using a 3D one-parameter model of placental vascular growth based on(More)
GOAL We assess the effect on placental efficiency of the non-centrality of the umbilical cord insertion and on chorionic vascular distribution to determine if cord centrality measurably affects placental function as reflected in birth weight. MATERIALS AND METHODS 1225 placentas collected from a prospective cohort had digital photographs of the chorionic(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between rupture of membranes, labor, and microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity and amniotic fluid concentrations of eicosanoids in patients with spontaneous rupture of membranes at term. STUDY DESIGN Amniotic fluid was retrieved by transabdominal amniocentesis from patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns obtained in nonstress testing within 24 hours of delivery in patients with preterm delivery were associated with histologic acute infection, and if so, whether the associations are with maternal as opposed to fetal acute inflammation (acute amnionitis versus acute umbilical vasculitis). METHODS(More)
Standard gross placental measures capture dimensions relevant to specific placental functions. Our objective was to determine their accountability independent of placental weight for variance in birthweight, an important proxy for intrauterine 'adequacy' in fetal origins studies. The sample consisted of 24 152 singleton liveborn children of the(More)
Pregnancy conditions accompanied by high blood pressure, such as preeclampsia and pregnancy-related hypertension, have been associated with a lower risk of breast cancer in several epidemiologic studies. It is unknown whether length of gestation or multiple occurrence of these conditions alters the association with breast cancer. It is also unknown whether(More)