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The objectives of this article are to review allergy-type reactions to iodinated contrast media and the protocols utilized to prevent or reduce the occurrence of these adverse reactions in high-risk patients. We will begin by discussing the types or classifications of the adverse reactions to iodinated contrast media. We will then discuss reaction(More)
OBJECTIVE The study objective was to assess the correlation between (18)F-FDG uptake values on positron emission mammography (PEM), expressed as maximum uptake value and lesion-to-background ratio, and receptor status (i.e., estrogen receptor [ER], progesterone receptor [PR], and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 [HER2]), tumor histology, and tumor(More)
The proximal ureter (upper) extends from the ureteropelvic junction to where the ureter crosses the sacroiliac joint, the middle ureter courses over the bony pelvis and iliac vessels, and the distal or pelvic (lower) ureter extends from the iliac vessels to the bladder. Benign and malignant lesions can affect the ureter and these may be caused by contiguous(More)
PURPOSE To determine retrospectively the frequency, management, and outcomes of extravasations of intravenously injected nonionic iodinated contrast medium. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval was obtained, and the requirement for informed consent was waived. The study was HIPAA compliant. For 69,657 intravenous injections of(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of our study was to evaluate the frequency, outcome, and appropriateness of treatment of adults with acute allergiclike reactions related to IV-administered nonionic iodinated contrast media. MATERIALS AND METHODS For IV injections of nonionic iodinated contrast media between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2005, contrast(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare triplanar 2D T2-weighted turbo spin-echo MR images with reformatted images from a 3D T2-weighted turbo spin-echo sequence in analogous planes with respect to acquisition time, image quality, artifacts, and lesion detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-four consecutively enrolled women referred for pelvic(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively determine whether extrinsic warming of the low-osmolality contrast material iopamidol to 37°C prior to intravenous administration at computed tomography (CT) affects extravasation and allergic-like reaction rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS The need to obtain informed patient consent was waived for this HIPAA-compliant and(More)
PURPOSE We developed a computer-based interactive simulation program for teaching contrast reaction management to radiology trainees and compared its effectiveness to high-fidelity hands-on simulation training. MATERIALS AND METHODS IRB approved HIPAA compliant prospective study of 44 radiology residents, fellows and faculty who were randomized into(More)
OBJECTIVE Hepatic malignancy is a common and lethal disease, whether due to a primary tumor or metastasis. There are numerous treatment options available depending on the stage of the disease and medical condition of the patient, including systemic chemotherapy, transcatheter embolization, thermal ablation, and surgical resection. In a subset of patients(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of our study was to assess whether high-fidelity simulation-based training is more effective than traditional didactic lecture to train radiology residents in the management of contrast reactions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS This was a prospective study of 44 radiology residents randomized into a simulation group versus a lecture group.(More)