Carolyn L. Cannon

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Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an inflammatory condition of the central nervous system with similarities to multiple sclerosis. In both diseases, circulating leukocytes penetrate the blood-brain barrier and damage myelin, resulting in impaired nerve conduction and paralysis. We sought to identify the adhesion receptors that mediate the(More)
In experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE), circulating leukocytes enter the central nervous system (CNS) producing inflammation, myelin damage and paralysis. Prevention of leukocyte infiltration by an antibody against alpha 4 integrin suppressed clinical and pathological features of EAE in the guinea pig. Rapid clearance of leukocytes from the CNS(More)
The contents of endocytic vesicles and other intracellular organelles (such as Golgi and microsomes) are acidified by an electrogenic proton-translocating ATPase that is remarkably similar to that found in urinary epithelia. We recently found that the number of H+ ATPases in the apical plasma membrane of these epithelia is regulated by exocytotic insertion(More)
While originally characterized as a collection of related syndromes, cystic fibrosis (CF) is now recognized as a single disease whose diverse symptoms stem from the wide tissue distribution of the gene product that is defective in CF, the ion channel and regulator, cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). Defective CFTR protein impacts(More)
pICln has been proposed to be the swelling-activated anion channel responsible for ICl, swell, or a channel regulator. We tested the anion channel hypothesis by reconstituting recombinant pICln into artificial and biological membranes. Single channels were observed when pICln was reconstituted into planar lipid bilayers. In the presence of symmetrical 300(More)
No transgenic cystic fibrosis (CF) mouse model developed to date mimics the major clinical phenotype found in humans with CF, chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection. In a transgenic CF transmembrane conductance regulator (cftr) mouse colony, we found WT, heterozygous, and homozygous CF mice housed in the same cage became chronically colonized in the(More)
In urinary epithelia, like the turtle bladder, protons are transported by a H+ translocating ATPase located in the luminal membrane. We have recently discovered that the H+ pump is stored in small vesicles that lie underneath the luminal membrane. CO2, a major regulator of H+ transport causes these vesicles to fuse with the membrane thereby inserting more(More)
A biofilm is a community of microorganisms embedded in a matrix of polysaccharides and assorted proteins and nucleic acids. Biofilms can form on implanted medical devices leading to life-threatening infections. Biofilms are also found within the lungs of patients with chronic pulmonary infections including patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and are the(More)
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