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Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an ubiquitous pathogen capable of infecting virtually all tissues. A large variety of virulence factors contribute to its importance in burn wounds, lung infection and eye infection. Prominent factors include pili, flagella, lipopolysaccharide, proteases, quorum sensing, exotoxin A and exoenzymes secreted by the type III secretion(More)
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) experience declining pulmonary function related to chronic airway inflammation, which results from epithelial and immune cell secretion of proinflammatory mediators that promote neutrophil influx into the airways. This inflammatory response may be disproportionate to the inciting infectious stimulus, resulting in an overly(More)
While originally characterized as a collection of related syndromes, cystic fibrosis (CF) is now recognized as a single disease whose diverse symptoms stem from the wide tissue distribution of the gene product that is defective in CF, the ion channel and regulator, cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). Defective CFTR protein impacts(More)
No transgenic cystic fibrosis (CF) mouse model developed to date mimics the major clinical phenotype found in humans with CF, chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection. In a transgenic CF transmembrane conductance regulator (cftr) mouse colony, we found WT, heterozygous, and homozygous CF mice housed in the same cage became chronically colonized in the(More)
Chronic lung infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa constitutes the most severe manifestation of cystic fibrosis, a scenario that results from defects in early clearance of the microbe. Early clearance involves epithelial cell ingestion of bacteria, rapid activation of nuclear factor-kappa B and cellular desquamation within minutes of P. aeruginosa(More)
BACKGROUND Definitive conclusions regarding the antiinflammatory effects of macrolide antibiotics for treatment of asthma are difficult to formulate since their beneficial effects may be related to their antimicrobial action. We hypothesized that azithromycin possesses distinct antiinflammatory properties and tested this assumption in a noninfectious mouse(More)
BACKGROUND Viral bronchiolitis is the leading cause of hospitalization in young infants. It is associated with the development of childhood asthma and contributes to morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Currently no therapies effectively attenuate inflammation during the acute viral infection, or prevent the risk of post-viral asthma. We hypothesized(More)
We present a case of a patient with cystic fibrosis who was thought to be colonized with Mycobacterium abscessus for 13 yr prior to developing clinically apparent mycobacterial infection. However, histologic evidence indicated that invasive mycobacterial disease was present from the onset. While accepting that chronic endobronchial colonization with(More)
The pressing need to treat multi-drug resistant bacteria in the chronically infected lungs of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients has given rise to novel nebulized antimicrobials. We have synthesized a silver-carbene complex (SCC10) active against a variety of bacterial strains associated with CF and chronic lung infections. Our studies have demonstrated that(More)