Carolyn L Blue

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OBJECTIVE To examine diet, physical activity, and body-weight changes associated with relocation from home to university. METHODS Diet, fitness/physical activity, body-weight parameters and self-efficacy were assessed among 54 freshman women upon college entry and 5 months later. RESULTS Although caloric intake significantly decreased, a significant(More)
Although the association between habitual exercise and health benefits has been well documented, physical activity levels in the United States are lower than is necessary to reach the nation's health potential. Beliefs that people hold can be a motivating factor in engaging in exercise. A critical review of the literature was conducted to assess the(More)
A self administered questionnaire with items derived from the Health Belief Model was mailed to a random sample of workers prior to a worksite influenza vaccine program in this descriptive study of 207 service and clerical workers. The researchers investigated the utility of the Health Belief Model in predicting influenza vaccine acceptance. A second(More)
Nursing assistants (NAs) who work in nursing and personal care facilities are twice and five times more likely, respectively, to suffer a musculoskeletal disorder compared to service industries and other health care facilities, respectively. The purpose of this study was to develop an ergonomics training program for selected NAs at a state-run veterans'(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine associations among lactose maldigestion status, perceived milk intolerance, dietary calcium intake, and bone mineral content in early adolescent girls. METHODS Subjects were 291 girls who participated in a substudy of the multiple-site project Adequate Calcium Today. Lactose maldigestion status was(More)
A descriptive literature review was conducted to examine conceptual and methodological issues of interventions aimed at improving both physical activity and diet behaviors according to critical elements established by Sidani and Braden (1998). The method of the review of 30 articles describing 17 intervention studies focused on the following nine elements:(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and TPB with functional ability to explain intention and self-reported physical activity (PA) behavior of older adults. METHODS A survey was mailed to 2056 retirees from a large Midwestern university. RESULTS Structural equation modeling revealed that the TPB plus functional ability explained an(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of a fear appeal message on college students' drinking behavior using the extended parallel process model. METHOD A survey was administered to a random sample of undergraduates (n=224) in 38 national fraternal organizations. RESULTS Both perceived efficacy and perceived threat were significantly correlated with drinking(More)