Carolyn L Bigbee

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We previously described that low-dose Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in cynomolgus macaques results in a spectrum of disease similar to that of human infection: primary disease, latent infection, and reactivation tuberculosis (S. V. Capuano III, D. A. Croix, S. Pawar, A. Zinovik, A. Myers, P. L. Lin, S. Bissel, C. Fuhrman, E. Klein, and J. L. Flynn,(More)
It is estimated that one-third of the world's population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Infection typically remains latent, but it can reactivate to cause clinical disease. The only vaccine, Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), is largely ineffective, and ways to enhance its efficacy are being developed. Of note, the candidate(More)
Tuberculosis is the number one cause of death due to infectious disease in the world today. Understanding the dynamics of the immune response is crucial to elaborating differences between individuals who contain infection vs those who suffer active disease. Key cells in an adaptive immune response to intracellular pathogens include CD8(+) T cells. Once(More)
OBJECTIVE An increased risk of tuberculosis has been documented in humans treated with tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha)-neutralizing agents. In murine models, impaired signaling by TNF causes exacerbation of both acute and chronic infection associated with aberrant granuloma formation and maintenance. This study was undertaken to investigate immune(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in humans results in either latent infection or active tuberculosis. We sought to determine whether a higher frequency of regulatory T (T(reg)) cells predispose an individual toward active disease or whether T(reg) cells develop in response to active disease. METHODS In cynomolgus macaques infected with a(More)
OBJECTIVE Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune disorders with anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents is associated with an increased risk of reactivation of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis. While the mechanism of action of abatacept is fundamentally different from that of anti-TNF therapies, its effect on the protective response to(More)
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