Carolyn Jones

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Regions of the short arm of chromosome 8 are deleted frequently in a range of solid tumors, indicating that tumor suppressor genes reside at these loci. In this study, we have examined the properties of the Wnt signaling antagonist secreted frizzled-related protein (sFRP) 1 as a candidate for this role at c8p11.2. An initial survey of 10 colorectal tumors,(More)
Latent transforming growth factor-beta-binding proteins (LTBPs) are extracellular matrix (ECM) glycoproteins that play a major role in the storage of latent TGF beta in the ECM and regulate its availability. Here we show that fibronectin is critical for the incorporation of LTBP1 and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF beta) into the ECM of osteoblasts and(More)
A simple procedure is described for eliminating non-specific staining with avidin—peroxidase conjugates. Murine ovaries were embedded in either paraffin wax or epoxy resin and, after blocking endogenous peroxidase activity, were treated with 10 µg/ml biotinylatedPisum sativum agglutinin. Avidin—peroxidase conjugates (5 µg/ml), diluted in standard 0.05m(More)
Human first-trimester floating mesenchymal villi explanted onto gels of collagen I or Matrigel were observed to undergo de novo development of anchoring sites. These consisted of cytotrophoblast columns that formed by proliferation of stem villous cytotrophoblast cells, as revealed by whole-mount and thin-section microscopy and incorporation of(More)
Elastin is the protein responsible for the characteristic elastic properties of many tissues including the skin, lungs and large blood vessels. Loss-of-function mutations in the elastin gene are known to cause the heart defect supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS). We and others have identified deletions, nonsense mutations and splice site mutations in SVAS(More)
MRC-5 cells are a well-characterized human diploid fibroblast cell line approved for vaccine production and favoured for the routine propagation of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). Ectopic expression of telomerase in fibroblasts is capable of overcoming replicative senescence induced by telomere shortening. Following delivery of the hTERT gene to MRC-5 cells(More)
The recent birth of a camel-llama hybrid, after numerous failed attempts, has prompted an investigation into the glycosylation of apposing fetal and maternal tissues of pregnant camels and alpacas. This study was undertaken to determine whether interspecies differences in glycans are factors that may account in part for the difficulty in producing a viable(More)
Pre-eclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction are associated with increased apoptosis of placental villous trophoblast. This may result from placental hypoperfusion, leading to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Apoptosis can be induced in villous trophoblast following exposure to oxidative stress. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) reduces(More)
The 3p21.3 tumour suppressor gene (TSG) RASSF1A is inactivated predominantly by promoter methylation and rarely by somatic mutations. Recently we demonstrated that epigenetic inactivation of RASSF1A is frequent in both clear cell and papillary adult renal cell carcinomas (even though 3p21.3 allele loss is rare in papillary tumours). Wilms' tumour is the(More)
Leukemia inhibitory factor plays a major role in the uterus and in its absence embryos fail to implant. Our knowledge of the targets for LIF and the consequences of its absence is still very incomplete. In this study, we have examined the ultrastructure of the potential implantation site in LIF-null MF1 female mice compared to that of wild type animals. We(More)