Carolyn J. P. Jones

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We recently reported the first evidence of placental endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in the pathophysiology of human intrauterine growth restriction. Here, we used a mouse model to investigate potential underlying mechanisms. Eif2s1(tm1RjK) mice, in which Ser51 of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 subunit alpha (eIF2α) is mutated, display a 30% increase in(More)
Plasmid DNA was gamma-irradiated or treated with H2O2 in the presence of Cu2+ to generate oxygen free radical-induced lesions. Open circular DNA molecules were removed by ethidium bromide/CsCl density gradient centrifugation. The closed circular DNA fraction was treated with the Escherichia coli reagent enzymes endonuclease III (Nth protein) and Fpg(More)
The Drosophila mutant turnip (tur) was isolated on the basis of its poor performance in an olfactory learning task, and also has a reduction in protein kinase C (PKC) activity. PKC has been found in the nervous systems of a wide range of organisms and appears to have an important role in learning and memory-related processes. Unfortunately, previous reports(More)
The olfactory-jump response assay was used to analyze habituation in Drosophila mutants of potassium (K(+)) channel subunits. As with physiological assays of the giant fiber-mediated escape reflex, mutations at loci that encode K(+) channel subunits have distinct effects on habituating the olfactory-jump response. The data for slowpoke and ether à go-go(More)
BACKGROUND Preeclampsia (PE) is characterized by exaggerated apoptosis of the villous trophoblast of placental villi. Since p53 is a critical regulator of apoptosis we hypothesized that excessive apoptosis in PE is mediated by abnormal expression of proteins participating in the p53 pathway and that modulation of the p53 pathway alters trophoblast apoptosis(More)
PURPOSE Drusen are deposits located between the retinal pigment epithelium and Bruch's membrane in age-related maculopathy. They are believed to be photoreceptor byproducts that are incompletely metabolized by the retinal pigment epithelium. This study therefore compares the lectin histochemistry of drusen, photoreceptors, retinal pigment epithelium, and(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The aim of this work was to determine whether placental endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress may contribute to the pathophysiology of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to test the efficacy of chemical chaperones and antioxidant vitamins in ameliorating that stress in a trophoblast-like cell line in vitro. METHODS Placental samples were(More)
Syncytial nuclear aggregates (SNAs), clusters of nuclei in the syncytiotrophoblast of the human placenta, are increased as gestation advances and in pregnancy pathologies. The origins of increased SNAs are unclear; however, a better appreciation of the mechanism may give insight into placental ageing and factors underpinning dysfunction. We developed three(More)