Processing bodies (P-bodies) are cytoplasmic RNA granules that contain translationally repressed messenger ribonucleoproteins (mRNPs) and messenger RNA (mRNA) decay factors. The physical interactions that form the individual mRNPs within P-bodies and how those mRNPs assemble into larger P-bodies are unresolved. We identify direct protein interactions that… (More)
The target of rapamycin (TOR) signaling pathway is an important mechanism by which cell growth is regulated by nutrient availability in eukaryotes. We provide evidence that the TOR signaling pathway controls mRNA turnover in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. During nutrient limitation (diauxic shift) or after treatment with rapamycin (a specific inhibitor of TOR),… (More)
The targeting of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) to specific subcellular sites for local translation plays an important role in diverse cellular and developmental processes in eukaryotes, including axis formation, cell fate determination, spindle pole regulation, cell motility, and neuronal synaptic plasticity. Recently, a new conserved class of Lsm proteins, the… (More)
RNA editing is the specific posttranscriptional insertion/deletion of U residues within trypanosomatid mitochondrial transcripts. We used a novel cDNA cloning scheme and analyzed partially edited COIII and CYb RNAs. Our major unanticipated findings are: First, editing appears strikingly indiscriminate within editing domains, inserting and deleting variable… (More)
RNA editing in Trypanosoma brucei is a posttranscriptional processing event that results in the addition and deletion of uridine residues within several mitochondrial mRNAs. We have examined reactions involving pre-edited precursor RNAs in vitro. In this study, we report specific cleavage of pre-edited cytochrome b (CYb), cytochrome oxidase subunit II… (More)
The posttranscriptional insertion and deletion of U residues in trypanosome mitochondrial transcripts called RNA editing initiates at the 3' end of precisely defined editing domains that can be identified independently of the cognate guide RNA. The regions where editing initiates in Trypanosoma brucei cytochrome b and cytochrome oxidase subunit II preedited… (More)
A conserved complex of multiple 3'-to-5' exonucleases has been discovered recently in eukaryotes. This essential complex, the exosome, is required for diverse RNA processing events.