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Processing bodies (P-bodies) are cytoplasmic RNA granules that contain translationally repressed messenger ribonucleoproteins (mRNPs) and messenger RNA (mRNA) decay factors. The physical interactions that form the individual mRNPs within P-bodies and how those mRNPs assemble into larger P-bodies are unresolved. We identify direct protein interactions that(More)
To determine pathways of mRNA turnover in yeast, we have followed the poly(A) tail removal and degradation of a pulse of newly synthesized transcripts from four different genes. Before decay of both stable and unstable mRNAs initiated, there was a temporal lag during which the poly(A) tail was deadenylated to an oligo(A) length. Altering the deadenylation(More)
The control of translation and mRNA degradation is important in the regulation of eukaryotic gene expression. In general, translation and steps in the major pathway of mRNA decay are in competition with each other. mRNAs that are not engaged in translation can aggregate into cytoplasmic mRNP granules referred to as processing bodies (P-bodies) and stress(More)
The first step in the decay of several yeast mRNAs is the shortening of the poly(A) tail, which for the MFA2 transcript triggers decapping and 5'-to-3' degradation. To understand the basis for differences in mRNA decay rates, it is important to determine if deadenylation-dependent decapping is specific to the unstable MFA2 transcript or is a general(More)
The first step in the decay of some eukaryotic mRNAs is the shortening of the poly(A) tail. To examine how the transcript body was degraded after deadenylation, we followed the decay of a pulse of newly synthesized MFA2 transcripts while utilizing two strategies to trap intermediates in the degradation pathway. First, we inserted strong RNA secondary(More)
A critical step in mRNA degradation is the removal of the 5' cap structure, which is catalyzed by the Dcp1-Dcp2 complex. The crystal structure of an S. pombe Dcp1p-Dcp2n complex combined with small-angle X-ray scattering analysis (SAXS) reveals that Dcp2p exists in open and closed conformations, with the closed complex being, or closely resembling, the(More)
RNA editing is the specific posttranscriptional insertion/deletion of U residues within trypanosomatid mitochondrial transcripts. We used a novel cDNA cloning scheme and analyzed partially edited COIII and CYb RNAs. Our major unanticipated findings are: First, editing appears strikingly indiscriminate within editing domains, inserting and deleting variable(More)
The 3' untranslated region (3' UTR) can control gene expression by affecting the localization, stability and translation of mRNAs. The recent finding that 3' UTRs can control the decapping rate of mRNAs, in combination with their ability to influence the initiation of translation, suggests that 3' UTRs act through a direct or indirect interaction between(More)
Recent experiments have identified distinct mechanisms of eukaryotic RNA turnover. In one mechanism, deadenylation triggers decapping, exposing the messenger RNA to 5' to 3' degradation. This pathway may act at different rates on the majority of messenger RNAs. There are also degradation mechanisms, such as endonucleolytic cleavage, limited to messenger(More)
RNA editing in trypanosomes has been proposed to occur through transesterification or endonuclease cleavage and RNA ligation reactions. Both models involve a chimeric intermediate in which a guide RNA (gRNA) is joined through its 3' oligo(U) tail to an editing site of the corresponding mRNA. Velocity centrifugation of Trypanosoma brucei mitochondrial(More)