Carolyn J. Broccardo

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The shape of the dose-response curve may vary depending on whether one examines response at a population or a single cell level. Populations of cells may exhibit a graded response whereas single cell responses may have threshold or switch-like behavior. Studies in vivo and in vitro using primary hepatocyte cultures have shown that induction of CYP1A1 in the(More)
Liver enzyme induction has been shown previously to be regional with clear borders between induced and uninduced regions in vivo, and cells either fully induced or not induced in vitro. The current study examined this phenomenon in vivo by evaluating enzyme induction after exposure to PCB 126 and PCB 153 in female Fisher 344 (F344) and male Sprague-Dawley(More)
A novel microfluidic chromatography device coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was utilized for the multiplex analysis of 5 steroids (testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, progesterone, cortisol, cortisone) in human serum. The use of microfluidics allowed for reduction of the chromatographic flow rate to 3μl/min with overall method run times(More)
Periods of physical inactivity increase bone resorption and cause bone loss and increased fracture risk. However, hibernating bears, marmots, and woodchucks maintain bone structure and strength, despite being physically inactive for prolonged periods annually. We tested the hypothesis that bone turnover rates would decrease and bone structural and(More)
PURPOSE The aim was to report the aqueous humor moxifloxacin concentration and proteome profile of an individual with bilateral uveitis-like syndrome with pigment dispersion. METHODS Multiple reactions monitoring mass spectrometry quantified the aqueous concentration of moxifloxacin in the affected individual. Shotgun proteomic analysis performed via(More)
The superior sensitivity of current mass spectrometers makes them prone to contamination issues, which can have deleterious effects on sample analysis. Here, bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl) sebacate (marketed under the name Tinuvin 770) is identified as a major contaminant in applications using liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry(More)
The 2013 Malaria World Report indicated that in 2012 there were approximately 207 million cases of malaria, which resulted in an estimated 627,000 malaria-related deaths. Due to the alarming resistance of these parasites to traditional anti-malarial treatments there is a pressing need to not only identify new anti-malarial compounds, but also to(More)
Rhizomania, caused by Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV), severely impacts sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) production throughout the world, and is widely prevalent in most production regions. Initial efforts to characterize proteome changes focused primarily on identifying putative host factors that elicit resistant interactions with BNYVV, but as(More)
Previous research from our laboratory has shown a switch-like response to PCB 126 mediated CYP1A1 induction in primary rat hepatocytes and in H4IIE rat hepatoma cells. On a single cell level, cells appear to be either "on" or "off" for CYP1A1 induction at a given dose; some cells never respond to PCB 126. These cells represent a non-responding population.(More)
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