Carolyn J. Albert

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Bile secretion is essential for whole body sterol homeostasis. Loss-of-function mutations in specific canalicular transporters in the hepatocyte disrupt bile flow and result in cholestasis. We show that two of these transporters, ABCB11 and ATP8B1, are functional targets of miR-33, a micro-RNA that is expressed from within an intron of SREBP-2.(More)
The plasmalogen sn-1 vinyl ether bond is targeted by hypochlorous acid (HOCl) produced by activated phagocytes. In the present study, the attack of the plasmalogen sn-1 vinyl ether bond by HOCl is shown to be preferred compared to the attack of double bonds present in the sn-2 position aliphatic chain (sn-2 alkenes) of both plasmenylcholine and(More)
Numerous studies have suggested relationships between myeloperoxidase (MPO), inflammation, and atherosclerosis. MPO-derived reactive chlorinating species attack membrane plasmalogens releasing alpha-chloro fatty aldehydes including 2-chlorohexadecanal (2-ClHDA), which have been found to accumulate in activated neutrophils, activated monocytes, infarcted(More)
Lysophosphatidylcholine (LysoPtdCho) levels are elevated in sera in patients with atherosclerosis and in atherosclerotic tissue. Previous studies have shown that reactive chlorinating species attack plasmalogens in human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC), forming lysoPtdCho and lysoPtdCho–chlorohydrin (lysoPtdCho–ClOH). The results herein(More)
Recently alpha-chloro fatty aldehydes have been shown to be products of reactive chlorinating species targeting the vinyl ether bond of plasmalogens utilizing a cell-free system. Accordingly, the present experiments were designed to show that alpha-chloro fatty aldehydes are produced by activated neutrophils and to determine their physiologic effects. A(More)
Plasmalogens contain a vinyl ether bond linking the sn-1 aliphatic chain to the glycerol backbone of this predominant phospholipid molecular subclass, which is found in many mammalian tissues. The present study demonstrates that the vinyl ether bond of plasmalogens is a molecular target of the reactive chlorinating species produced by myeloperoxidase.(More)
BACKGROUND Omega (n)-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are converted to bioactive lipid components that are important mediators in metabolic and physiological pathways; however, which bioactive compounds are metabolically active, and their mechanisms of action are still not clear. We investigated using lipidomic techniques, the effects of diets high in(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) has been suggested to mediate, at least in part, multiple processes in the pathophysiological sequelae of myocardial ischemia. The present study demonstrates that the epsilon, eta and iota isozymes of PKC are translocated to nuclei in response to brief intervals of global ischemia as well as reperfusion of ischemic rat myocardium.(More)
The fatty acyl composition of phospholipids determines the biophysical character of membranes and impacts the function of membrane proteins. Here, we define a nuclear receptor pathway for the dynamic modulation of membrane composition in response to changes in cellular lipid metabolism. Ligand activation of liver X receptors (LXRs) preferentially drives the(More)
Cholesteryl esters (CE) are important lipid storage molecules. The present study demonstrates that sodiated adducts of CE molecular species form positive ions that can be detected in both survey scan mode as well as by exploiting class-specific fragmentation in MS/MS scan modes. A common neutral loss for CE is the loss of cholestane (NL 368.5), which can be(More)