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The fatty acyl composition of phospholipids determines the biophysical character of membranes and impacts the function of membrane proteins. Here, we define a nuclear receptor pathway for the dynamic modulation of membrane composition in response to changes in cellular lipid metabolism. Ligand activation of liver X receptors (LXRs) preferentially drives the(More)
The present study demonstrates that the alpha, epsilon, and iota isozymes of protein kinase C (PKC) are translocated to particulate fractions from the cytosol during brief intervals of global ischemia as well as reperfusion of ischemic rat myocardium. In contrast, phorbol ester treatment of perfused hearts resulted in the translocation of the alpha, delta,(More)
Bile secretion is essential for whole body sterol homeostasis. Loss-of-function mutations in specific canalicular transporters in the hepatocyte disrupt bile flow and result in cholestasis. We show that two of these transporters, ABCB11 and ATP8B1, are functional targets of miR-33, a micro-RNA that is expressed from within an intron of SREBP-2.(More)
Cholesteryl esters (CE) are important lipid storage molecules. The present study demonstrates that sodiated adducts of CE molecular species form positive ions that can be detected in both survey scan mode as well as by exploiting class-specific fragmentation in MS/MS scan modes. A common neutral loss for CE is the loss of cholestane (NL 368.5), which can be(More)
Macrophages express lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and endothelial lipase (EL) within atherosclerotic plaques; however, little is known about how lipoprotein hydrolysis products generated by these lipases might affect macrophage cell signalling pathways. We hypothesized that hydrolysis products affect macrophage cell signalling pathways associated with(More)
BACKGROUND Omega (n)-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are converted to bioactive lipid components that are important mediators in metabolic and physiological pathways; however, which bioactive compounds are metabolically active, and their mechanisms of action are still not clear. We investigated using lipidomic techniques, the effects of diets high in(More)
Plasmalogens contain a vinyl ether bond linking the sn-1 aliphatic chain to the glycerol backbone of this predominant phospholipid molecular subclass, which is found in many mammalian tissues. The present study demonstrates that the vinyl ether bond of plasmalogens is a molecular target of the reactive chlorinating species produced by myeloperoxidase.(More)
The plasmalogen sn-1 vinyl ether bond is targeted by hypochlorous acid (HOCl) produced by activated phagocytes. In the present study, the attack of the plasmalogen sn-1 vinyl ether bond by HOCl is shown to be preferred compared to the attack of double bonds present in the sn-2 position aliphatic chain (sn-2 alkenes) of both plasmenylcholine and(More)
Recently alpha-chloro fatty aldehydes have been shown to be products of reactive chlorinating species targeting the vinyl ether bond of plasmalogens utilizing a cell-free system. Accordingly, the present experiments were designed to show that alpha-chloro fatty aldehydes are produced by activated neutrophils and to determine their physiologic effects. A(More)
One of the products of a calcium-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2) attack of plasmenylcholine, lysoplasmenylcholine, has previously been shown to activate cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). Because endothelial cells respond to some agonists in part by the activation of iPLA2, the present study was designed to determine whether double-stranded RNA(More)