Carolyn J. Albert

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Cholesteryl esters (CE) are important lipid storage molecules. The present study demonstrates that sodiated adducts of CE molecular species form positive ions that can be detected in both survey scan mode as well as by exploiting class-specific fragmentation in MS/MS scan modes. A common neutral loss for CE is the loss of cholestane (NL 368.5), which can be(More)
The present study demonstrates that the alpha, epsilon, and iota isozymes of protein kinase C (PKC) are translocated to particulate fractions from the cytosol during brief intervals of global ischemia as well as reperfusion of ischemic rat myocardium. In contrast, phorbol ester treatment of perfused hearts resulted in the translocation of the alpha, delta,(More)
Macrophages express lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and endothelial lipase (EL) within atherosclerotic plaques; however, little is known about how lipoprotein hydrolysis products generated by these lipases might affect macrophage cell signalling pathways. We hypothesized that hydrolysis products affect macrophage cell signalling pathways associated with(More)
BACKGROUND Omega (n)-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are converted to bioactive lipid components that are important mediators in metabolic and physiological pathways; however, which bioactive compounds are metabolically active, and their mechanisms of action are still not clear. We investigated using lipidomic techniques, the effects of diets high in(More)
Bile secretion is essential for whole body sterol homeostasis. Loss-of-function mutations in specific canalicular transporters in the hepatocyte disrupt bile flow and result in cholestasis. We show that two of these transporters, ABCB11 and ATP8B1, are functional targets of miR-33, a micro-RNA that is expressed from within an intron of SREBP-2.(More)
Recently alpha-chloro fatty aldehydes have been shown to be products of reactive chlorinating species targeting the vinyl ether bond of plasmalogens utilizing a cell-free system. Accordingly, the present experiments were designed to show that alpha-chloro fatty aldehydes are produced by activated neutrophils and to determine their physiologic effects. A(More)
Cholesterol efflux from macrophages and the vascular wall is the initial step of the cardiovascular protective reverse cholesterol transport process. This study demonstrates a mass spectrometry based assay to measure the cellular and medium content of [d(7)]cholesterol and unlabeled cholesterol that can be used to measure cholesterol efflux from cell lines.(More)
Cholesteryl ester (CE) and diacylglycerol (DAG) molecular species are important lipid storage and signaling molecules. Mass spectrometric analyses of these lipids are complicated by the presence of isobaric molecular ions shared by these lipid classes and by relatively poor electrospray ionization, which is a consequence of an inherently weak dipole moment(More)
Hepatic lipase (HL) and endothelial lipase (EL) share overlapping and complementary roles in lipoprotein metabolism. The deletion of HL and EL alleles in mice raises plasma total cholesterol and phospholipid concentrations. However, the influence of HL and EL in vivo on individual molecular species from each class of lipid is not known. We hypothesized that(More)
Plasmalogens contain a vinyl ether bond linking the sn-1 aliphatic chain to the glycerol backbone of this predominant phospholipid molecular subclass, which is found in many mammalian tissues. The present study demonstrates that the vinyl ether bond of plasmalogens is a molecular target of the reactive chlorinating species produced by myeloperoxidase.(More)