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This article describes the participatory research process, results, action plan, and implications of the community health information needs assessment conducted within the African American community in two South Carolina counties. The REACH 2010: Charleston and Georgetown Diabetes Coalition library program is a partnership among community organizations,(More)
Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH 2010) is a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention demonstration program that responds to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' goal to eliminate racial and ethnic disparities in health status by the year 2010. As part of REACH 2010, community projects were funded to develop,(More)
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a paradigm to study and reduce disparities in health outcomes related to chronic disease. Community advisory boards (CABs) commonly formalize the academic-community partnerships that guide CBPR by providing a mechanism for community members to have representation in research activities. Researchers and(More)
BACKGROUND In 1997, the Institute of Medicine called for reform, improved quality and expanded research in end-of-life care. Yet little empirical information about preferences of African Americans has been documented. A community-campus partnership was formed to guide a needs assessment related to end-of-life care in a Southern, urban, African American(More)
1346 20 JUNE 2014 • VOL 344 ISSUE 6190 sciencemag.org SCIENCE O ur understanding of genome biology, genomics, and disease, and even human history, has advanced tremendously with the completion of the Human Genome Project. Technological advances coupled with significant cost reductions in genomic research have yielded novel insights into disease etiology,(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine if the ankle and toe brachial indices obtained by an experienced registered nurse (RN) using a pocket Doppler were within acceptable levels of agreement with those obtained by a registered vascular technologist (RVT) using standard laboratory equipment. DESIGN A within-subjects comparative design was used. (More)
PURPOSE This article reviews the literature on definitions and issues related to measurement of quality of life in people with diabetes and summarizes reviews of evidence of intervention studies, with a particular focus on interventions targeted for underserved and minority populations. METHODS An integrative literature review of reviews was conducted on(More)
Studies have suggested that many of the estimated 30.5% of all adults, and 54.8% of adults with diabetes, who have a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater do not have a diagnosis of obesity. The records of 265 people with diabetes in the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) 2010 Charleston community were audited for race, sex, BMI, and(More)
BACKGROUND Reducing the burden of chronic conditions among minorities requires novel approaches to prevent and manage disease. OBJECTIVES This paper describes the expansion of the Chronic Care Model (CCM) to include a community focus for improving diabetes self-management and reducing health disparities. METHODS The literature review assesses the(More)
BACKGROUND As the second leading cause of death and the leading cause of adult-onset disability, stroke is a major public health concern particularly pertinent in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where nearly 80% of all global stroke mortalities occur, and stroke burden is projected to increase in the coming decades. However, traditional and emerging risk factors(More)