Carolyn H. Diehl

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BACKGROUND We investigated the effectiveness of implanted macrobeads containing porcine islets as long-term therapy for type I diabetes mellitus in Biobreeding/Worcester (BB/Wor) rats, an animal model of spontaneous type I human diabetes. End points included acute control of glucose, weight gain, survival time, and the renal changes associated with(More)
The ability to culture porcine islets for extended times allows for both their functional assessment and the assurance of their microbiological safety prior to transplantation. We have previously shown that agarose-encapsulated porcine islets can be cultured for at least 24 weeks. In the current study, porcine islet agarose macrobeads cultured for up to 67(More)
The culture of tumor cell lines in three-dimensional scaffolds is considered to more closely replicate the in vivo tumor microenvironment than the standard method of two-dimensional cell culture. We hypothesized that our method of encapsulating and maintaining viable and functional pancreatic islets in agarose-agarose macrobeads (diameter 6-8 mm) might(More)
Prevention of rejection and prolongation of graft survival are critical to achieving successful islet cell transplantation. Various techniques have been utilized to prolong graft survival. Recently, protection of pancreatic islets from host immune mechanisms by isolating the islets in artificial membranes has emerged as an attractive alternative to the use(More)
For clinical xenogenic islet transplantation to be successful, several requirements must be met. Among them is a sizeable and reliable source of fully functional and microbiologically safe islets. The inherent variability among porcine pancreases, with respect to islet yield, prompted us to develop a Biopsy Score technique to determine the suitability of(More)
Several obstacles have hindered the successful transplantation of islets of Langerhans to human patients in efforts to cure type I diabetes mellitus. One problem is the necessity for short- and long-term storage of islets after isolation and before transplantation. Current long-term storage methods, such as incubation in a physiological medium and(More)
Cancer cells and their associated tumors have long been considered to exhibit unregulated proliferation or growth. However, a substantial body of evidence indicates that tumor growth is subject to both positive and negative regulatory controls. Here, we describe a novel property of tumor growth regulation that is neither species nor tumor-type specific.(More)
The culture of tumor cell lines in three-dimensional scaffolds is considered tomore closely replicate the in vivo tumor microenvironment than the standard method of two-dimensional cell culture. We hypothesized that our method of encapsulating and maintaining viable and functional pancreatic islets in agarose–agarose macrobeads (diameter 6–8 mm) might(More)
Cancer cells and their associated tumors have long been considered to exhibit unregulated proliferation or growth. However, a substantial body of evidence indicates that tumor growth is subject to both positive and negative regulatory controls. Here, we describe a novel property of tumor growth regulation that is neither species nor tumor-type specific.(More)