Carolyn Eichler

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The purpose of these experiments was to evaluate the influence of pretreatment of the heart donor with the photosensitizer 8-methoxypsoralen plus ex vivo longwave ultraviolet irradiation of the graft (PUVA) on survival time and immunogenicity of rat heart allografts in a donor-recipient combination that was different at the major histocompatibility complex(More)
The pretreatment of both kidney and heart donor with the photosensitizer 8-methoxy-psoralen followed by in vitro longwave ultraviolet graft irradiation (PUVA therapy) significantly prolonged graft survival times in rats even across a strong major histocompatibility complex (MHC) barrier. Immunohistological studies using monoclonal antibodies (Mab) to rat(More)
Between 1980 and 1986 465 cadaveric kidney transplants were performed at the Kidney Transplant Centre Berlin-Friedrichshain. The post-transplant risk to acquire a cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection depended on the preoperative CMV antibody status of donor and recipient, on the nettoimmunosuppression and on the recipient's age. The highest infection rate and(More)
In a retrospective study we investigated 364 patients who had received cadaveric kidney transplants between 1978 and 1984 as to cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections using complement-fixation test and indirect immunofluorescent test (IgM, IgG). Before transplantation, 194/364 patients were seropositive and 170/364 were seronegative. After transplantation,(More)
The macrophage adherence inhibition test is a suitable assay for detection of cell-mediated immunity against bovine gamma globulin (BGG) in guinea pigs. The test was performed with peritoneal cells (PC) in hemocytometer chambers. 10 mg/ml BGG were added as antigen. The washing step was performed with a burette. An average standard deviation of 5% was(More)
High titre plasmas gained from blood donors are the initial material used for producing human immunoglobulin containing cytomegalovirus antibodies (CMV-HIG). For this purpose the sera gained from 467 permanent donors at the District Institute for Blood and Transfusion Service in Berlin were investigated on their CMV antibody content of IgG class by means of(More)
In the peripheral blood of healthy adults the number of theophylline-resistant T-lymphocytes (T-res) is 51 +/- 4% and 1,161 +/- 326/microliter, respectively, and the number of theophyllins-sensitive 11 +/- 2% and 252 +/- 95/microliters. The membrane markers show a heterogeneous distribution. The quotient from T-res/T-sens is 4.9 +/- 1.3. Within the T-sens(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of a pretreatment of the heart and kidney donor with the photosensitizer 8-methoxypsoralen plus ex vivo longwave ultraviolet irradiation of the graft (PUVA) on survival time and immunogenicity of rat heart and kidney allografts. PUVA pretreatment significantly prolonged the survival of these(More)
In a retrospective study of 326 patients which have been received a renal allograft between 1985 and 1988 at the Berlin Kidney Transplant Centre, all recipients were divided into 3 groups according to their antibody status against cytomegalovirus (IgM+/IgG+; IgM-/IgG+; IgM-/IgG-). Frequency and severity of CMV infections in the early period after kidney(More)