Carolyn E. Arnold

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Studies of the Y chromosome in primates, rodents and carnivores provide compelling evidence that the male specific region of Y (MSY) contains functional genes, many of which have specialized roles in spermatogenesis and male-fertility. Little similarity, however, has been found between the gene content and sequence of MSY in different species. This hinders(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the pharmacokinetics of gallium maltolate (GaM) after intragastric administration in adult horses. ANIMALS 6 adult horses. PROCEDURES Feed was withheld for 12 hours prior to intragastric administration of GaM (20 mg/kg). A single dose of GaM was administered to each horse via a nasogastric tube (time 0). Blood samples were(More)
CASE DESCRIPTION 6 geldings and 5 stallions were evaluated from January 2007 through April 2009 for the following conditions requiring phallectomy: chronic paraphimosis (n = 7), squamous cell carcinoma of the penis (3), and priapism (1). CLINICAL FINDINGS None of the 7 horses with paraphimosis was able to retract the penis. Chronicity of the paraphimosis(More)
Gallium is a trivalent semi-metal with anti-microbial effects because of its incorporation into crucial iron-dependent reproductive enzyme systems. Gallium maltolate (GaM) provides significant gallium bioavailability to people and mice following oral administration and to neonatal foals following intragastric administration. To study the prophylactic and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on recombinant equine interleukin (IL)-1beta-stimulated expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP 1, MMP 3, MMP 13) and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP 1) in vitro. SAMPLE POPULATION Cultured equine chondrocytes. PROCEDURE Stationary monolayers of first-passage(More)
Gallium is a trivalent semi-metallic element that has shown antimicrobial activity against several important human pathogens. This antimicrobial activity is likely related to its substitution in important iron-dependent pathways of bacteria. The genus Staphylococcus, which includes human and animal pathogens that cause significant morbidity and mortality,(More)
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY Fractures of the tibial tuberosity (FTT) are caused by direct trauma, and are the second most commonly reported injury in event horses with stifle trauma. Conservative management of horses with FTT has been advocated, but results and prognosis for this method of therapy are unknown. OBJECTIVES To report and review the findings(More)
OBJECTIVE To report technique for, and outcome after, nephrectomy through a ventral median celiotomy in equids. STUDY DESIGN Case series. ANIMALS Equids with unilateral renal disease (n = 6), aged 2 months to 18 years, weighing 90-434 kg. METHODS A ventral median celiotomy was used to access the left or right kidney. To facilitate surgical exposure,(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the signalment, clinical features, and outcome for male horses with urethral rents following perineal urethrotomy (PU) or corpus spongiotomy (CS). DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 33 horses. PROCEDURES Medical records of male horses examined because of hematuria or hemospermia caused by urethral rents that underwent PU or CS(More)
CASE DESCRIPTION 6 mares with pyometra secondary to transluminal cervical adhesions were examined. CLINICAL FINDINGS Reasons for hospital admission included infertility (5 mares) and acute colic (1 mare). In the 6 mares, palpation per rectum of the reproductive tract revealed uterine distention, and transrectal ultrasonography confirmed the presence of(More)