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Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is one of the major causes of short stature in childhood. Although postnatal catch-up growth occurs in the majority of IUGR children, approximately 20% of them remain permanently short. The mechanisms that allow catch-up growth or, on the contrary, prevent IUGR children from achieving a normal height are still unknown.(More)
Experimental rodent studies demonstrate that insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) promotes fetal growth, whereas the nonsignaling IGF-II receptor (IGF2R) is inhibitory; in humans their influence is as yet unclear. A soluble, circulating form of IGF2R inhibits IGF-II mediated DNA synthesis and may therefore restrain fetal growth. We measured cord blood(More)
This study examines the effect of experimental diabetes on the release of rat insulin-like growth factor I (rIGF-I) and its binding protein (IGF-BP) by adult rat hepatocytes in primary culture. Rats treated with streptozotocin (75 mg/kg) had decreased serum rIGF-I values of 0.37 +/- 0.04 U/ml compared to 1.06 +/- 0.04 in age-matched untreated rats (1 U =(More)
The marked increase in circulating insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels during puberty observed in primates indicates an important functional relationship between hypothalamic-pituitary gonadal function and hormonal regulation of peripubertal circulating IGF-I levels. Recent studies demonstrating local production and secretion of gonadal peptides(More)
This study examines the production and characteristics of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF I) and its binding protein (BP) from adult rat hepatocytes in primary culture. IGF I and BP in samples of conditioned medium were separated by automated high pressure gel permeation chromatography at pH 2.8, with total recovery of both species. Measured by a specific(More)
The insulin-like growth factor-II/mannose-6 phosphate receptor (IGF-II/M6PR) is believed to bind and degrade the potent mitogen IGF-II, a growth factor for many tumors. This receptor has been shown to be mutated and/or lost in a significant percentage of a variety of tumors, implying that it may act as a negative regulator of cell growth. In this study, we(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) is a potent mito-inhibiting substance that is thought to play an important function in regulating hepatocyte proliferation during liver regeneration. In this investigation, we have shown by immunohistochemistry that hepatocytes containing significant intracellular concentrations of TGF-beta 1 12 h after a(More)
This study examined levels of insulin-like growth factor-II/mannose 6-phosphate receptor (IGF-II/M6PR) mRNA in tissues of rats at different stages of growth. Northern blot analysis of total RNA from tissues of rats aged 2, 9, 21 and 42 days and from 21 day fetal rats was carried out using a cDNA probe to the IGF-II/M6PR. Northern blots showed this probe(More)
The type I EGF receptor (EGFR or ErbB1) and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) are highly expressed in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), a particularly aggressive disease that cannot be treated with conventional therapies targeting the estrogen or progesterone receptors (ER and PR), or HER2. We have shown previously in normal breast(More)
This study examined the effect of two thirds hepatectomy on rat liver insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) receptors and IGF-II receptor messenger RNA (mRNA) levels. IGF-II receptor levels were determined in liver plasma membrane and Golgi/endosome fractions from sham-operated and hepatectomized rats by ligand binding and immunoblotting after(More)