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Leatherback sea turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) are the most endangered of the seven species of sea turtles. The health status of leatherbacks is largely unknown, although the number of nesting females recorded throughout the world has decreased precipitously in the last few decades. Central African beaches may provide one of the last strongholds for nesting(More)
The acute phase response is a complex systemic early-defense system activated by trauma, infection, stress, neoplasia, and inflammation. Although nonspecific, it serves as a core of the innate immune response involving physical and molecular barriers and responses that serve to prevent infection, clear potential pathogens, initiate inflammatory processes,(More)
The health status of 83 loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta; 39 foraging, 31 nesting, and 13 stranded turtles) was analyzed using physical examinations, hematology, plasma biochemistry, plasma protein electrophoresis, and toxicologic parameters. Significant differences were noted in a number of health parameters between turtles exhibiting each of these(More)
Serum is often frozen and banked for analysis at a later date. This study assessed the stability of 17 analytes in rat serum during refrigeration at 4 degrees C and extended storage at -20 degrees C (frost-free and nonfrost-free freezers) and -70 degrees C. Samples were analyzed by using an automated dry-slide chemistry analyzer at time 0 and then stored as(More)
Antemortem diagnosis of avian aspergillosis is very challenging. Diagnostic assays using blood samples would aid in an early and more definitive diagnosis. In the current study, detection of anti-Aspergillus antibodies, Aspergillus antigen, and Aspergillus toxin (fumigaclavine A), protein electrophoresis and measurement of acute-phase protein concentrations(More)
Encephalitozoon cuniculi is an obligate intracellular microsporidian parasite that can result in clinical and subclinical infection in many species. It is also considered the cause of a potential zoonotic disease. In the present study, a serological survey was conducted using samples from pet dogs in the state of Florida. Twenty-seven of 125 serum samples,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare serum amyloid A (SAA) concentration, plasma fibrinogen concentration, total WBC count, and serum albumin-to-globulin concentration ratio (A:G ratio) in clinically normal (CN) and clinically abnormal (CA) horses. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. ANIMALS 111 CN horses and 101 CA horses hospitalized at a specialty clinical practice. (More)
BACKGROUND The radiated tortoise (Geochelone radiata) is a critically endangered species in its native land, the southern portion of the island of Madagascar. Captive breeding programs have generated data on the breeding behavior and ecology of G radiata; however, hematologic and biochemical data also are critically important in managing populations. (More)
In a clinical setting, it is important to differentiate abnormal values that may be a normal change resulting from feeding and those that may be disease related. Such postprandial changes have been identified in mammalian and avian species. In the current study, pre- and postvalues for several routine biochemical analytes from penguins (Spheniscus demersus)(More)
Although various methods of immunosuppression have been used to enhance susceptibility of mice to murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) retinitis, none reproduce the unique complexity of immune deficiency experienced by patients during the progression of AIDS. C57BL/6 mice are susceptible to a retrovirus-induced murine acquired immune deficiency syndrome (MAIDS),(More)