Carolyn B. Winchester

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Most patients with carcinoma of the esophagushave advanced disease at presentation. Since cure isusually not possible, the goal of treatment is thepalliation of dysphagia. Palliative modalities include bougies, balloons, stents, tumor probe, laser,surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. In recent years,combined chemotherapy and radiation has shown(More)
We prospectively and randomly compared heat probe and ethanol injection in 80 patients with major nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage who were bleeding actively or had endoscopic stigmata associated with a high risk for rebleeding. We also attempted to predict which patients would rebleed within 72 h after successful endoscopic therapy, using a(More)
We prospectively compared the efficacy of polyvinyl bougies (Savary type) passed over a guide wire and through-the-scope balloons for the dilation of peptic esophageal strictures in a randomized study. Thirty-four patients, 17 in each treatment arm, were studied. At entry, dysphagia was assessed according to a six-point scale (0, unable to swallow; 5,(More)
Endoscopic variceal ligation has been developed as an alternative to endoscopic sclerotherapy. We report a series of 12 men with a history of bleeding esophageal varices who were treated with endoscopic variceal ligation after they had failed sclerotherapy. Hemostasis was achieved in all 10 patients who were bleeding at the time of initial endoscopy and(More)
Bleeding from esophageal varices is a devastating complication of portal hypertension and is associated with a high mortality rate. The management goals for this group of patients are to achieve hemostasis in the acute phase, reduce variceal size, reduce the potential of rebleeding and eliminate varices with a follow-up program. For the past two decades,(More)
Nuclear medicine (NM) has traditionally been a non-nursing field. This specialty has grown rapidly and continues to expand. Most nurses have had very limited exposure to nuclear medicine, except in the area of patient preparation for the nuclear medicine department. Because this specialty has had significant advances that require patient monitoring in many(More)
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