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This paper provides an unbiased comparison of four commercially available programs for loop sampling, Prime, Modeler, ICM, and Sybyl, each of which uses a different modeling protocol. The study assesses the quality of results and examines the relative strengths and weaknesses of each method. The set of loops to be modeled varied in length from 4-12 amino(More)
The in vitro biological characterization of a series of 4-(alkylamino)-1,4-dihydroquinolines is reported. These compounds are novel inhibitors of voltage-activated n-type potassium ion (K+) channels in human T lymphocytes. This series, identified from random screening, was found to inhibit [125I]charybdotoxin binding to n-type K+ channels with IC50 values(More)
The preparation of a series of quinazoline-2,4-diones, 1-3, and pyrrolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine-2,4-diones, 4-8 is described. A small number of quinazolinedione analogs were identified from random screening to possess low micromolar (1.3-4.4 microM) potency in the nuclear factor of activated T cells-1-regulated beta-galactosidase expression assay. An expanded(More)
A series of 4,1-benzoxazepinone analogues of efavirenz (Sustiva) as potent NNRTIs has been discovered. The cis-3-alkylbenzoxazepinones are more potent then the trans isomers and can be synthesized preferentially by a novel stereoselective cyclization. The best compounds are potent orally bioavailable inhibitors of both wild-type HIV-1 and its clinically(More)
Optimization of a 5-oxopyrrolopyridine series based upon structure-activity relationships (SARs) developed from our previous efforts on a number of related bicyclic series yielded compound 2s (BMS-767778) with an overall activity, selectivity, efficacy, PK, and developability profile suitable for progression into the clinic. SAR in the series and(More)
The inhibition of DPP-IV by saxagliptin has been proposed to occur through formation of a covalent but reversible complex. To evaluate further the mechanism of inhibition, we determined the X-ray crystal structure of the DPP-IV:saxagliptin complex. This structure reveals covalent attachment between S630 and the inhibitor nitrile carbon (C-O distance <1.3(More)
In this report, we describe the discovery and characterization of a novel biarylhydrazone series of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors typified by the prototype WIN 41662 (3-phenyl-N1-[1-(4-pytidyl)pyrimidine]hydrazone). WIN 41662 inhibited PDGF-stimulated autophosphorylation of PDGF receptors from human vascular(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) is a serine protease with a signature Asp-His-Ser motif at the active site. Our pH data suggest that Gly-Pro-pNA cleavage catalyzed by DPP-IV is facilitated by an ionization of a residue with a pK of 7.2 +/- 0.1. By analogy to other serine proteases this pK is suggestive of His-Asp assisted Ser addition to the P1 carbonyl(More)
Analogues of isoxazoline alpha(v)beta(3) antagonist 1 designed to further restrict the four carbon alkyl tether were prepared by incorporating two spirocyclic scaffolds, 1-oxa-2-azaspiro[4,5]dec-2-ene and 1-oxa-2,7-diazaspiro[4,4]non-2-ene. Additional optimization provided potent antagonists of both alpha(v)beta(3) and alpha(5)beta(1) which are selective(More)