Carolyn A Richardson

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STUDY DESIGN The contribution of transversus abdominis to spinal stabilization was evaluated indirectly in people with and without low back pain using an experimental model identifying the coordination of trunk muscles in response to a disturbances to the spine produced by arm movement. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the temporal sequence of trunk muscle activity(More)
To investigate the high frequency oscillations observed in the inspiratory activity of respiratory motor nerves of decerebrate cats, we applied a signal processing technique, power spectral analysis, to the electrical activity of the phrenic and recurrent laryngeal nerves. We found two peaks in the phrenic nerve power spectral densities, one at 88.1 +/- 6.4(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare trunk muscle coordination in people with and without low back pain with varying speeds of limb movement. STUDY DESIGN Abdominal and back extensor muscle activity in association with upper limb movement was compared among three speeds of movement and between people with and without low back pain. PARTICIPANTS Fourteen subjects with a(More)
By manipulation of movement reaction time we investigated the co-ordination between the motor command for arm movement and the associated 'anticipatory' postural response of the abdominal muscles. Limb movement reaction time was varied by changing the expectation of limb movement direction required in a choice-reaction-time task. Timing of the(More)
Because the structure of the spine is inherently unstable, muscle activation is essential for the maintenance of trunk posture and intervertebral control when the limbs are moved. To investigate how the central nervous system deals with this situation the temporal components of the response of the muscles of the trunk were evaluated during rapid limb(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Activity of the trunk muscles is essential for maintaining stability of the lumbar spine because of the unstable structure of that portion of the spine. A model involving evaluation of the response of the lumbar multifidus and abdominal muscles to leg movement was developed to evaluate this function. SUBJECTS To examine this(More)
The ability of surface electrodes to accurately detect the activity of a particular muscle relies not only on their being placed over the muscle but also on their position in relation to muscle fibre orientation. For optimal pick-up of electromyographic (EMG) signals, surface electrodes are best aligned in parallel with the fibre orientation of the(More)
Rapid shoulder movement is preceded by contraction of the abdominal muscles to prepare the body for the expected disturbance to postural equilibrium and spinal stability provoked by the reactive forces resulting from the movement. The magnitude of the reactive forces is proportional to the inertia of the limb. The aim of the study was to investigate if(More)
Patients with medical, orthopaedic and surgical conditions are often assigned to bed-rest and/or immobilised in orthopaedic devices. Although such conditions lead to muscle atrophy, no studies have yet considered differential atrophy of the lower-limb musculature during inactivity to enable the development of rehabilitative exercise programmes. Bed-rest is(More)
OBJECTIVES (a) To compare the magnitude of gluteus medius and tensor fascia lata activation between a group of subjects with clinical unilateral hip osteoarthritis and a group of healthy older adults. (b) To compare the magnitude of activation of the gluteus medius and tensor fascia lata between sides in a group of subjects with clinical unilateral hip(More)