Caroline Vuong

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Biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus is a serious problem in nosocomial infections. There are great differences in the capacity of S. aureus to express biofilms, but the reasons are unknown. In all, 105 S. aureus strains were tested for a correlation between the agr quorum-sensing system phenotype and the ability of S. aureus to adhere to polystyrene.(More)
The skin commensal Staphylococcus epidermidis has become one of the most important causative agents of nosocomial infections associated with medical devices. Differentiation between invasive S. epidermidis and its commensal counterpart is crucial for clinical decision making. The ica gene locus, which codes for production of polysaccharide intercellular(More)
Recently, Staphylococcus aureus strains with intermediate resistance to vancomycin, the antibiotic of last resort, have been described. Multiple changes in peptidoglycan turnover and structure contribute to the resistance phenotype. Here, we describe that structural changes of teichoic acids in the cell envelope have a considerable influence on the(More)
The physiological significance of the accessory gene regulator (agr) system of Staphylococcus epidermidis was investigated by construction of an agr deletion mutant via allelic replacement with a spectinomycin resistance cassette. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis showed that the protein pattern was strongly(More)
(S)-1-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl)cytosine (HPMPC), a high-potency antiherpes and anticytomegalovirus (CMV) drug was evaluated in the treatment of experimental retinitis caused by preretinal herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) injection in rabbits. HPMPC (100 micrograms/0.1 mL) was intravitreally injected 10, 15, 21, 30, or 46 days before, concurrently,(More)
Vanishing white matter (VWM) is a fatal leukodystrophy that is caused by mutations in genes encoding subunits of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2B (eIF2B). Disease onset and severity are codetermined by genotype. White matter astrocytes and oligodendrocytes are almost exclusively affected; however, the mechanisms of VWM development remain unclear.(More)
The agr quorum-sensing system in Staphylococci controls the production of surface proteins and exoproteins. In the pathogenic species Staphylococcus aureus, these proteins include many virulence factors. The extracellular signal of the quorum-sensing system is a thiolactone-containing peptide pheromone, whose sequence varies among the different(More)
The role of the alternative sigma factor sigma(B) in Staphylococcus epidermidis was investigated by the construction, complementation, and characterization of a sigB deletion mutant. Electrophoretic analyses confirmed a profound influence of sigma(B) on the expression of exoproteins and cytoplasmic proteins. Detailed investigation revealed reduced lipase(More)
Retinal toxicity of ISIS 2922 and ISIS 4015, phosphorothioate oligonucleotides complementary to human cytomegalovirus (CMV) and herpes simplex virus (HSV) RNA, were evaluated. The intravitreal concentration of ISIS 2922 found not to cause permanent toxic changes in the rabbit retina was 10 microM and in the pig retina, 5 microM. The 3 microM concentration(More)
The effect of liposome-encapsulated (S)-1-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl)cytosine (HPMPC; cidofovir) was evaluated as prophylaxis in a rabbit model of experimentally induced retinitis caused by preretinal inoculation of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Cidofovir (100 micrograms) in liposomes (0.1 mL) was injected intravitreally 10-120 days before(More)